May 7, 2015 at 9:26 pm #21079
It is believed that life on earth originated more than about 3.5bn years ago but about 2bn years ago it began to evolve into two broad branches – the “prokaryotes”, such as the simple cells of bacteria, and the “eukaryotes” with complex cells containing a nucleus and other intricate internal structures.
However in a study published in the journal Nature, the researchers found a new organism with the genes of both groups. It was found in sediment samples retrieved from the seabed about 10km (6.2 miles) away from a volcanic hydrothermal vent called Loki’s Castle situated in the mid-Atlantic between Greenland and Norway at a depth of 2,352 metres.
The new microbe belongs to a prokaryotic subgroup called the Archaea but, uniquely, it also possesses about 100 genes that have until now only been found in eukaryotes. Interestingly, these genes are known to be involved in forming the membranes that developing into complex structures within a cell, Dr Ettema said.
“Initially we thought this was really weird, there must be some kind of contamination in our sample. We knew that there should be no eurkaryotes in these samples yet we saw these eukaryotic genes – so we thought this is either a contamination or something really interesting,” he said.
The full genome of the organism, formally named Lokiarchaeota but known simply as “Loki”, has been sequenced which has enabled the researchers to identify it as a new species. However, the scientists have not yet been able to grow and microbe in the laboratory, partly because these deep-sea life-forms grow very slowly, with cells dividing about once every 10 years, Dr Ettema said.
“The puzzle of the origin of the eukaryotic cell is extremely complicated, as many pieces are still missing. We hoped that Loki would reveal a few more pieces of the puzzle, but when we obtained the first results, we couldn’t believe our eyes – the data simply looked spectacular,” he said.May 9, 2015 at 3:54 pm #21125
This is how Britain, or rather, England, became GREAT. By pillaging and looting, lying, stealing, enslaving, murder, war, genocide, all around the world. And then they lost their Empire, and the USA took it over and does the same.
Lord McCauley in his speech to the British Parliament, Feb 2, 1835:
“I have travelled across the length and breadth of India and I have not seen one person who is a beggar, who is a thief. Such wealth I have seen in this country, such high moral values, people of such calibre, that I do not think we would ever conquer this country, unless we break the very backbone of this nation, which is her spiritual and cultural heritage, and, therefore, I propose that we replace her old and ancient education system, her culture, for if the Indians think that all that is foreign and English is good and greater than their own, they will lose their self-esteem, their native self-culture and they will become what we want them, a truly dominated nation”.
I say the USA, but that’s not correct anymore. Now they do that to their own population, and the ‘colonizers’ are the global elite of international bankers, who are mostly Zionist jews and who own the money machinery and the 50 or so largest corporations that own all the smaller corporations.
They don’t care about national loyalty or patriotism, it’s more like the mafia, just power and money.May 9, 2015 at 5:21 pm #21127
“After World War II, Turkel worked for West German intelligence (the Gehlen Org), collaborated with many of the spy services of NATO, including the American Military Intelligence Service (MIS – for offensive intelligence), the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC – for defensive purposes), the ultra-secret State Department Office of Policy Co-ordination and the Central Intelligence Agency. . .” (21)
“Just before World War II began,” according to the authors, “an Austrian Jew named Richard Kauder created a secret intelligence network, code named MAX.” Kauder, using the name of [Max] Klatt – Turkel’s intelligence chief [“Unholy Trinity,” Aarons and Loftus, p. 166] – “worked exclusively for Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, the German spy chief who collaborated with the Vatican and the British to topple Hitler during the war [the group known as the Black Orchestra].”
The Nazis thought the Max network was made up of “so-called Fascist Jews” who “were willing to spy against the Soviet Union, not for the glory of the Third Reich but to save themselves and their families from the concentration camps.” The Max network was supposed to have had “the only communication link to a secret network of ‘White’ Russian Fascists inside the Kremlin [Turkel’s NTS], who had supposedly infiltrated Stalin’s military headquarters prior to World War II.” But, the authors continue, “the Max network was not made up of Fascist Jews. They were, in fact, Communist Jews who risked their lives inside the heart of the Third Reich’s intelligence service.”
The Max network actually misled the Nazis, feeding them false intelligence on the capabilities and intentions of the Soviet Union, leading “the Nazi divisions into a series of death traps on the Eastern front.” The Max double-agents were responsible for the Nazis defeats at Stalingrad, “the giant battle of Kursk where Hitler’s tank divisions were slaughtered. The final sting,” continue the authors, “was to mislead Germany into believing that the Red army was on the verge of collapse in 1944, when in fact the Soviets were preparing for the most massive onslaught of the war.
“It would not be an exaggeration to say that the ‘Fascist Jews’ of the Max network did more to defeat the German army than all the Western intelligence services combined. Seventy percent of all Hitler’s divisions were destroyed on the Eastern front, largely as a result of the misleading intelligence supplied by Max.” (22)
When Gehlen was recruited by the United States, Allen Dulles ordered the ex-Nazi spymaster to “revive the Max network.” Gehlen already had plans to do just that, intending “to make Turkel’s Max network the centerpiece of his new West German intelligence agency. As soon as a Republican president was elected in the United States, Dulles intended to take over the CIA and make Gehlen and Turkel the heart of his anti-Soviet network. The Soviets, of course, were delighted as they watched Dulles and Gehlen attempt to plant a Communist spy ring in the heart of Western intelligence. . . .
“. . . [E]ventually, in 1956, the Allies decided that the whole thing had been a giant Soviet-controlled operation. Dozens of operations, hundreds of agents, thousands of innocent civilians had been betrayed. . . .
“. . . [T]hree years after Dulles became head of CIA in 1953, his pet ‘Fascist,’ Turkel, broadcast the CIA codes to start the Hungarian uprising prematurely. Thousands of innocent Hungarians rushed on to the streets of Budapest to start the revolution. Instead of American paratroopers dropping supplies, they found Soviet tanks waiting in the suburbs.”
By 1959, the collapse of Dulles’s spy network was almost total: “U.S. Military Intelligence admitted to the National Security Council that it did not have a single network of couriers or safe houses left in Communist territory, apart from East Germany. Dulles’s Nazi ‘freedom fighters’ had sold him out.” (23)
It was Harry Rositze who best described the attitude of the United States military-intelligence establishment after the end of World War II: “Any bastard as long as he was anti-Communist.” Rositze, the “former head of secret operations inside the USSR” for the CIA, was correct. (24)
We have seen that many Nazis – including those who committed atrocities – returned to positions of power and influence inside Germany after the war. Unknown until fairly recently was the extent of Nazi recruitment by U.S. intelligence agencies and political organizations, in the 1940s and 1950s.
Perhaps the most publicized program of Nazi recruitment is that of Project Paperclip, which involved the collection of Nazi rocket scientists and facilities, all of which were later incorporated into the U.S. Space Program. Klaus Barbie’s employment by the U.S. State Department in the 1940s is another well-known incident. Barbie, head of the Gestapo in Lyons, France, was known as the “Butcher of Lyons” and was sought by the French Government for atrocities committed against French Resistance fighters captured by the Nazis. Barbie was recruited as a U.S. intelligence “asset” in 1947 by one branch of the State Department’s Counter-intelligence Corps (CIC), while another branch, the Operation Selection Board, a joint U.S./British project, was trying to put him in prison for war crimes.
Eventually, according to Aarons and Loftus, “Barbie’s employment (and protection) by the Americans began to reach French newspapers and politicians at least as early as 1948. They, in turn brought increasing pressure on the U.S. government through publicity and eventually through official notes requesting Barbie’s extradition from Germany. That, in the final analysis, is why the CIC chose to provide Barbie with a new identity and safe passage to Argentina in 1951, while thousands of other ex-Nazis who had been ‘of interest’ to the CIC at one time or another have simply lived out their lives in Germany. If the CIC had dumped Barbie when the French government began requesting his extradition, he would have had plenty of compromising things to say about the CIC. . .” (25)
But when Barbie was eventually captured by Bolivian authorities in the early 1980s, and returned to France to face charges of war crimes, the U.S. government was forced to conduct an investigation into the Barbie affair. The official position? “. . . [T]his investigation concluded that the United States had indeed protected Barbie in Europe and engineered his escape but that Barbie was the only such Nazi who had been assisted in this fashion.” (26)
As documented previously, this statement was false. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of Nazis were employed by the several U.S. agencies, from the CIC to the CIA, and used in covert operations overseas, as our first line of defense against Communism. Others, equally as guilty of wartime atrocities, were brought into the United States for domestic political purposes. This aspect of the U.S.-Nazi connection is well-documented, and deserves closer attention by the mainstream press.
One of the first researchers to reveal the connections between the U.S. government and the Nazis, was a lady named Mae Brussell of Carmel, California. Her career as a conspiracy researcher and host of the weekly radio program “World Watchers International” began with the Kennedy assassination. “In ferreting out every morsel from the Warren Report,” writes Jonathan Vankin, author of the book “Conspiracies, Cover-ups and Crimes,” “supplementing her research with untold amounts of reading from the ‘New York Times’ to ‘Soldier of Fortune,’ Brussell discovered not merely a conspiracy of a few renegade CIA agents, Mafiosi, and Castro haters behind Kennedy’s death, but a vast, invisible institutional structure layered into the very fabric of the U.S. political system.
“Comprising the government within a government were not just spies, gangsters, and Cubans, but Nazis. Mae found that many of the commission witnesses — whose testimony established Oswald as a lone nut’ — had never even spoken to Oswald, or knew him only slightly. The bulk of them were White Russian emigres living in Dallas. Extreme in their anti-Communism, they were often affiliated with groups set up by the SS in World War II — Eastern European ethnic armies used by the Nazis to carry out their dirtiest work.
“Brussell also discovered an episode from history rarely reported in the media, and not often taught in universities. Those same collaborationist groups were absorbed by United States intelligence agencies. They hooked up with the spy net of German General Reinhard Gehlen, Hitler’s Eastern Front espionage chief.”
“‘This is a story of how key Nazis . . . anticipated military disaster and laid plans to transplant nazism, intact but disguised, in havens in the West,’ wrote Mae Brussell in 1983. She didn’t author too many articles, but this one, ‘The Nazi Connection to the John F. Kennedy Assassination’ (in ‘The Rebel,’ a short-lived political magazine published by ‘Hustler’ impresario Larry Flynt), was definitive, albeit convoluted.
“‘It is a story that climaxes in Dallas on November 22, 1963, when John Kennedy was struck down,’ Brussell’s article continued. ‘And it is a story with an aftermath — America’s slide to the brink of Fascism.'”
Mae Brussell quit broadcasting her radio show in Spring of 1988, after receiving a death threat from a “man who is said to have identified himself as ‘a fascist and proud of it.'”
The last project she worked on, before her death from cancer on October 3, 1988, writes the author, “was a study of Satanic cults — within the U.S. military. The hidden fascist oligarchy had progressed far beyond the need for patsies like Oswald. They were now able, Brussell asserted, to hypnotically program assassins.
“Satanic cults are the state of the art in brainwashing. With drugs, sex, and violence, they strip any semblance of moral thought. They are perfect for use in creating killers. The United States military, Brussell found, was using them.” (27)May 9, 2015 at 5:48 pm #21128
Balfour Declaration 1917
November 2nd, 1917
Dear Lord Rothschild,
I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
“His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
Arthur James BalfourMay 10, 2015 at 12:35 am #21130
We are grateful to The Washington Post, The New York Times, Time Magazine and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subject to the bright lights of publicity during those years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries.
David Rockefeller, founder of, and in an address before, the Trilateral Commission, in June of 1991May 10, 2015 at 2:33 am #21132
No less a figure than A. J. P. Taylor has described British historian David Irving as “a patient researcher of unrivalled industry and success.” Since the publication of his book The Destruction of Dresden in 1963, Irving has written or translated over a dozen books, a number of which have been bestsellers in several countries. Visit any well-stocked bookstore in the United States and you are likely to find at least one or two Irving titles in the “history” or “military” sections. With millions of readers worldwide, who eagerly anticipate the next results of his often amazingly productive research efforts, it is not going too far to state that the appearance of a new book by David Irving constitutes a publishing “event.”
Irving has done well for himself — his London flat is located in a posh area near the U.S. Embassy off Grosvenor Square — and certainly for his agent and publishers. So, when his study of the 1956 Hungarian revolt was published in Britain in Spring 1981 by the distinguished house of Hodder & Stoughton, with publication as well in France, and serialization in the large-circulation West German weekly Der Spiegel, it was right to assume that Uprising! would shortly appear in this country. But going on four years since it hit bookstores in Western Europe, Uprising! has yet to find an American publisher. There are clearly people here who do not want their fellow Americans to read this book. We shall soon see why.
It has been nearly thirty years since the people of Hungary rose up against the vicious Communist regime that had been imposed on them by Stalin. During the Second World War, thousands of Hungarians fought and died fighting the Russians on the Eastern Front. “Liberation” from the “Fascists”* took place in typical Soviet style: over 600,000 Hungarian males were deported as slave laborers to the USSR while, as Irving points out, “for many of Hungary’s beautiful and lissom girls the first useful Russian phrase was one that anguished parents taught them: ‘I’ve got syphilis and TB.’ Workers grimly joked that their country had now known three disasters — their defeat by the Tartars, their conquest by the Turks, and their liberation by the Russians.” [*The Soviets invariably refer to “Facists” or “Hitlerites” — never to “National Socialists”; these national socialists have some real problems with that term.]
As we know, at Yalta in 1945 that champion of universal brotherhood and democracy, Joseph Stalin,affirmed with his fellow champions Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill “the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live.” Elections did take place in Hungary in November of that year, with the local Communists and Social Democrats obtaining only seventeen per cent of the votes. (The people of Hungary had not forgotten the short-lived Communist regime led by Bela Kun [“Cohen”] that had drenched the country in blood before being overthrown by popular forces in 1919.) Failure at the polls in 1945 did not faze the Reds, who set aboutto undermine the Hungarian Republic. After all, as the author reminds his readers, “the whole Communist advance is based on conspiracy and intrigue, and Party members relish and revel in it.” By the end of 1947, the Communists, backed by Stalin’s Red Army, aborted the fledgling Republic.May 10, 2015 at 8:22 pm #21137
National security policy in the United States has remained largely constant
from the Bush Administration to the Obama Administration. This continuity
can be explained by the “double government” theory of 19th-century
scholar of the English Constitution Walter Bagehot. As applied to the
United States, Bagehot’s theory suggests that U.S. national security policy
is defined by the network of executive officials who manage the
departments and agencies responsible for protecting U.S. national security
and who, responding to structural incentives embedded in the U.S. political
system, operate largely removed from public view and from constitutional
constraints. The public believes that the constitutionally-established
institutions control national security policy, but that view is mistaken.
Judicial review is negligible; congressional oversight is dysfunctional; and
presidential control is nominal.May 10, 2015 at 8:39 pm #21138
Mona Lisa Portal collections of museums of France
http://www.culture.gouv.fr/public/mistral/joconde_fr?ACTION=RETROUVER_TITLE&FIELD_98=TOUT&VALUE_98=Asie%20orientale%20%20ethnologie&GRP=23&SPEC=5&SYN=1&IMLY=&MAX1=1&MAX2=1&MAX3=100&REQ=%28%28Asie%20orientale%20%20ethnologie%29%20%3aTOUT%20%29&DOM=All&USRNAME=nobody&USRPWD=4%24%2534PMay 11, 2015 at 3:27 am #21141
In 1998 Congress passed the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act [P.L. 105-246]
as part of a series of efforts to identify, declassify, and release federal records on
the perpetration of Nazi war crimes and on Allied efforts to locate and punish
war criminals. Under the direction of the National Archives the Interagency
Working Group [IWG] opened to research over 8 million of pages of records –
including recent 21st century documentation. Of particular importance to this
volume are many declassified intelligence records from the Central Intelligence
Agency and the Army Intelligence Command, which were not fully processed
and available at the time that the IWG issued its Final Report in 2007.
As a consequence, Congress [in HR 110-920] charged the National Archives
in 2009 to prepare an additional historical volume as a companion piece to
its 2005 volume U. S. Intelligence and the Nazis. Professors Richard Breitman
and Norman J. W. Goda note in Hitler’s Shadow that these CIA & Army records
produced new “evidence of war crimes and about wartime activities of war
criminals; postwar documents on the search for war criminals; documents about
the escape of war criminals; documents about the Allied protection or use of war
criminals; and documents about the postwar activities of war criminals”.
This volume of essays points to the significant impact that flowed from
Congress and the Executive Branch agencies in adopting a broader and fuller
release of previously security classified war crimes documentation. Details about
records processed by the IWG and released by the National Archives are more
fully described on our website firstname.lastname@example.org.May 11, 2015 at 5:32 am #21144May 11, 2015 at 6:59 am #21146
As to Brzezinski, I cannot claim any expertise. However, a few sighting shots.
Look first at his biography. He comes from a ‘szlachta’ – noble – family from Brzezany, south-east of Lviv, in what was then Poland and is now Western Ukraine. Born in 1928, the son of a diplomat who in his early childhood served both in Germany and the Soviet Union, his world was effectively destroyed by the pact between the two countries.
When the Soviets moved in, they purged the Polish elite, with the officer corps murdered en masse at Katyn, when the Germans repudiated the pact and drove the Soviets out, they continued the purge.
However, as often the truth is quite complex. A critical historical weakness first of the Russian and then of the Soviet empire was its multinational character, and its enemies have – unsurprisingly – sought to exploit this.
In the inter-war years, the head of the Second Polish Republic, Marshal Józef Piłsudski, had created the ‘Promethean League’, which was dedicated to exploiting the aspirations to independence of restive nationalities inside the Soviet Empire.
As is not generally understood in the West, a basic insight behind George Kennan’s conception of ‘containment’ was that, in attempting to incorporate Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe in the Soviet Empire, Stalin had massively increased his vulnerability to precisely the kind of strategy which Piłsudski elaborated.
Essentially, he had created a situation where the new satellites were liable to be uncontrollable, and if Soviet control was destabilised in them, the disintegration might spread into the Soviet Union proper.
(On this, there is a brilliant article by a contemporary Russian historian, Vladimir Pechatnov, who has actually taken the trouble to read what Kennan wrote.
Although it took much longer than Kennan anticipated, the scenario he had sketched out came to pass with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, realising a good portion of the ‘Promethean’ agenda.
The question was – what to do then? Some of us thought — do not push your luck, and realise that the disintegration of Russia is not actually in our interest.
As Brzezinski made clear in an address given in October 2003, however, his answer was to harness the power of the United States to continue the ‘Promethean agenda’ by bringing Ukraine, and then perhaps Belarus, Georgia and Armenia, into NATO.
(For the address, see http://csis.org/files/media/csis/events/031003_brzezinski.pdf .)
Not mentioned here, but also involved, was the agenda for exploiting separatism in the Caucasus. What Putin suggests in the documentary celebrating fifteen years of his leadership was that when he became president he saw Chechen separatism as an issue where the future of Russia was at stake: if it was not fought effectively, then Russia would collapse, irretrievably, into the kind of disintegration of which ‘Prometheans’ had dreamed.
At this point, he tells the interview, ‘elsewhere in the world, many of my colleagues, presidents, prime ministers, told me later that everybody then had decided that Russia was ceasing to exist in its present form.’
From Putin’s point of view, of course, the attack on the World Trade Center looked as though it might be a godsend. However, a central claim in the programme is that the Russian security services knew about contacts between North Caucasus militants and ‘representatives from a US special services in Azerbaijan.’
According to his version, Putin told George W. Bush of this, who said he would ‘kick their ass’. However, ten days later the leadership of the FSB:
‘got a letter from their counterparts in Washington: We have maintained and will continue to maintain relations with all the opposition forces in Russia, and we think that we have the right to do it and we will continue to do it in the future.’
Of course, we cannot simply assume that Putin is telling the truth, although a good deal of circumstantial evidence ‘meshes’ with his account.
Moreover, if indeed American – and other Western security services – want to pursue the ‘Promethean’ agenda, it may be that they can make a coherent case that this is in the interests of their countries.
However, by now Brzezinski has made it crystal clear that he has no grasp of the risks involved. An article he published in the ‘Financial Times’ in December 2013 was entitled ‘Russia, like Ukraine, will become a real democracy.’
In it, he revealed himself as just another simpering over-educated idiot, incapable alike of grasping the pull which emotions of hatred and revenge have on others, and blinded by a self-image of ‘rationality’ and ‘benevolence’ to an understanding of the pull such feelings have on himself.May 11, 2015 at 2:52 pm #21148
During the period between 1744-1932, CRYPTO JEWISH Al Sauds fought wars with all Muslim rulers of Arabian Peninsula and were finally successful in wiping out Islam and Muslims from Arabian Peninsula in 1932 when Abdul Aziz declared himself as King of the newly formed state of ‘Saudi Arabia’.
Al Saud clan was always supported by Jew Rothschild.
Our Indian Islamic TV evangelist Dr Zakir Naik propagates Al Saud brand ( Wahabbi ) of Islam.May 16, 2015 at 6:00 pm #21159
The CIA’s Phoenix program changed how America fights its wars and how the public views this new type of political and psychological warfare, in which civilian casualties are an explicit objective.
The CIA created Phoenix in Saigon in 1967 to identify the civilian leaders and supporters of the National Liberation Front; and to detain, torture, and kill them using every means possible, from B-52 raids and “Cordon and Search” operations, to computerized blacklists, secret torture centers, and death squads.
Originally called ICEX-SIDE (Intelligence Coordination and Exploitation – Screening, Interrogation and Detention of the Enemy), the program was renamed Phoenix for symbolic purposes. In time, the mere mention of Phoenix, the omnipotent bird of prey with a blacklist in one claw and a snake in the other, was enough to terrorize people into submission.
Practically speaking, Phoenix is a highly bureaucratized system for dispensing with people who cannot be ideologically assimilated. Implemented over the objections of South Vietnamese officials, the CIA found a legal basis for the Phoenix program in “emergency decrees” and “administrative detention” laws that enabled American “advisors” to detain, torture, and kill South Vietnamese “national security offenders” without due process.May 18, 2015 at 12:10 am #21238
CIA, VATICAN, MAFIA AND NAZIS IN ALLIANCEMay 18, 2015 at 12:32 am #21239
Such attacks by fellow journalists on a Sy Hersh bombshell are nothing new—in fact, he used to relish them, and probably still does. He got the same hostile reaction from his media colleagues when he broke his biggest story of his career: The 1974 exposé of the CIA’s massive, illegal domestic spying program, MH-CHAOS, which targeted tens, maybe hundreds of thousands of Americans, mostly antiwar and leftwing dissidents.
Hersh is better known today for his My Lai massacre and Abu Ghraib exposés, but it was his MH-CHAOS scoop, which the New York Times called “the son of Watergate,” that was his most consequential and controversial—from this one sensational exposé the entire intelligence apparatus was nearly taken down. Hersh’s exposés directly led to the famous Church Committee hearings into intelligence abuses, the Rockefeller Commission, and the less famous but more radical Pike Committee hearings in the House, which I wrote about in Pando last year. These hearings not only blew open all sorts of CIA abuses, assassination programs, drug programs and coups, but also massive intelligence failures and boondoggles.
They also revealed to the public for the first time the NSA’s secret programs targeting Americans, including co-opting all the major US telecoms and cable telex companies— AT&T, ITT, Western Union and RCA—in a program “vacuuming” all electronic communications, as well as “Project Minaret,” in which the NSA wiretapped hundreds or perhaps tens of thousands (depending on the source) of antiwar and leftwing American dissidents. Those hearings led briefly to some real reforms and some half-assed reforms in the intelligence community during the Carter years, all of which were undone as soon as Reagan came to power. (I wrote about the history of Hersh’s MH-CHAOS exposé for NSFWCorp here and here.)
That is what effective journalism looks like. But if Hersh’s media peers at the time had their way, none of that would’ve happened. Rather than supporting Hersh, journalists across the spectrum, led by the Washington Post, did everything to discredit and undermine his reporting. “I was reviled,” is how Hersh later put it to UC Davis professor Kathryn Olmsted, author of the excellent “Challenging the Secret Government.”
It was mostly thanks to the CIA director’s own admission in January 1975 that Hersh’s reporting was correct that other journalists backed off, and joined in the adversarial feeding frenzy. Yes: the CIA saved Hersh’s biggest scoop from the lapdog press. Times were strange.
And it was the Washington Post that led the attacks on Hersh’s reporting. In early January 1975, the WaPo ran an editorial, “The CIA’s ‘Illegal Domestic Spying,’” attacking Hersh for relying on anonymous sources—this from the same paper that relied on the most famous anonymous source in history, Deep Throat. The WaPo editorial went on:
“While almost any CIA activity can be fitted under the heading of ‘spying,’ and while CIA activities undertaken on American soil can be called ‘domestic spying,’ it remains to be determined which of these activities has been conducted in ‘violation’ of the agency’s congressional charter or are ‘illegal.’”
The WaPo’s top intelligence reporter, Laurence Stern, took to the Columbia Journalism Review to attack Hersh in an article titled “Exposing the CIA (Again)”—alleging a “dearth of hard facts” in Hersh’s reporting, and a “remarkably febrile succession of follow-ups.” While in the Post, Stern alleged that it wasn’t the CIA that was keeping files on the 9,000 Americans that Hersh orginally reported, but rather the Justice Department—making it therefore legal. Pulitzer Prize winner Jack Anderson followed up in the WaPo confirming Stern’s false allegation, in a piece titled, “CIA’s Files Said to Support Denials”.
The two major news weeklies, Time and Newsweek, piled on Hersh’s reporting too. Newsweek, in a piece headlined “A New CIA furor,” quoted a number of anonymous intelligence sources to discredit and downplay the significance of Hersh’s MH-CHAOS scoop: “There’s something to Hersh’s charges, but a hell of a lot less than he makes of it.” Time’s article, “Supersnoop,” snarked:
“[T]here is a strong likelihood that Hersh’s CIA story is considerably exaggerated and that the Times overplayed it.”
A common line of attack was to call Hersh’s series “overwritten and under-researched.” Gossip in the Washington press corps at the time claimed that WaPo’s famous editor Ben Bradlee denounced Hersh’s stories as “overwritten and under-researched”; and when Hersh was passed over for the Pulitzer that year, to everyone’s surprise, one columnist wrote Hersh didn’t deserve it anyway, calling his MH-CHAOS exposes “overwritten, overplayed, under-researched and under-proven.”
Hersh might’ve been buried by his own press colleagues, who were only interested in discrediting his reporting, if not for CIA director William Colby’s testimony before the Senate in mid-January, 1975. Hersh himself reported it for the Times, which led:
“William E. Colby, Director of Central Intelligence, acknowledged at a Senate hearing today that his agency had infiltrated undercover agents into antiwar and dissident political groups inside the United States as part of a counterintelligence program that led to the accumulation of files on 10,000 American citizens.”
After the CIA chief’s confirmation of Hersh’s story, his media detractors had no choice but to grudgingly walk back their criticism. Quoting again from Kathryn Olmsted’s book, after Colby’s admission,
“The Washington Post reported that Colby’s disclosure had ‘confirmed major elements’ of Hersh’s stories, and Newsweek agreed that Colby’s testimony had substantiated ‘many basic elements of the original story if not all the adjectives.’”
Today we’re seeing some of the same grudging, qualified acceptance of Hersh’s Bin Laden bombshell from the establishment press.
Later in 1975, the great Bill Greider—who was then an editor at the WaPo—summed up the attitude of the press to Hersh’s revelations:May 18, 2015 at 7:31 pm #21246May 22, 2015 at 9:05 am #21256
Few background references:
Democracy Through Creative Destruction?
May 19, 2003
[This doesn’t mean actual democracy, of course]
The people most often mentioned as designers of President Bush’s war on Iraq and terrorism are Richard Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, and Richard Pearle. Here is another name to remember: Michael Ledeen. According to William O. Beeman, writing for the Pacific News Service (5/8/03), Ledeen (a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington) is one of the lead visionaries behind the president’s new security strategy.
“Change—above all violent change—is the essence of human history,” writes Ledeen, and the United States should act on this basis. “Creative destruction is our middle name. We do it automatically…it is time once again to export the democratic revolution.” As Beeman explains, Ledeen “believes that violence in the service of the spread of democracy is America’s manifest destiny.”
The purpose of total war is to permanently force your will onto another people.
Also at http://www.assatashakur.org/forum/breaking-down-understanding-our-enemies/3007-creative-destruction.html
Quote from key neo-con theoretician Michael Ledeen, the driving philosophical force behind the neoconservative movement and the military actions it has spawned, and the author of “Universal Fascism,” a book which speaks favorably of fascism as a “revolutionary movement.” Ledeen’s ideas are repeated daily by the men who are running our country today–Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and Paul Wolfowitz:
“Creative destruction is our middle name, both within our own society and abroad. We tear down the old order every day, from business to science, literature, art, architecture, and cinema to politics and the law. Our enemies have always hated this whirlwind of energy and creativity, which menaces their traditions (whatever they may be) and shames them for their inability to keep pace. Seeing America undo traditional societies, they fear us, for they do not wish to be undone. They cannot feel secure so long as we are there, for our very existence — our existence, not our politics — threatens their legitimacy. They must attack us in order to survive, just as we must destroy them to advance our historic mission.”
All quite deliberate — like robbing a jewelry store by throwing a bomb into it, and then gathering up whatever good stuff is found in the debris.
But it can easily go out of control, and often does — in which case the US just walks away and moves on to the next victim, leaving the chaos behind to offer no threat to the hedgemon, and perhaps to work on at some convenient later time. It seems not to occur to these lunatics that the blowback and systemic destruction could affect them, such is their hubris.
WizOz on May 18, 2015 · at 10:23 am UTC
@Ledeen (a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington) is one of the lead visionaries behind the president’s new security strategy.
“Ledeen was a founding member of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs and he served on the JINSA Board of Advisors. In 2003, the Washington Post alleged that he was consulted by Karl Rove, George W. Bush’s closest advisor, as his main international affairs adviser.
Michael Ledeen had been accused of being involved in the forgery which claimed that Saddam Hussein had bought yellowcake in Niger.”
But was only him forgotten?
What about Douglas Faith?
“Feith favors US support for Israel and has promoted US-Israeli cooperation. He also favors stronger US-Turkish cooperation, and increased military ties between Turkey and Israel. Both Feith and his father have been honored by the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), a conservative organization that often makes common cause on foreign policy issues with conservative Christian organizations. His father, Dalck, was a member of the Betar, the Revisionist Zionist youth organization. (The Betar Movement (בית”ר, also spelled Beitar, is a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded in 1923 in Riga, Latvia, by Ze’ev Jabotinsky. Betar members played important roles in the fight against the British during the Mandate, and in the creation of Israel. It has been traditionally linked to the original Herut and then Likud Israeli political parties). Have you heard of Benzion Netanyahu (aka Benzion Mileikovsky, son of writer and Zionist activist Nathan Mileikowsky)? Benzion was Ze’ev Jabotinsky’s personal secretary, and yes, you guessed it…father of Bibi!).
Robert Kagan prince consort of the Nuland F**k EU. No introduction needed.
Frederick Kagan, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), and a former professor of military history at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. His lovely wife is Kimberly Kagan, president of the Institute for the Study of War (no more no less).
Both sons of Donald Kagan, great historian of the ‘Peloponesian War’ and one of the original signers to the 1997 Statement of Principles by the neoconservative “think tank,” ‘Project for the New American Century’ (PNAC)”.
And the list continues, actually becomes longer and longer.
What do they have in common? They all alight from the Pale of Settlement, like Trotsky, Kamenev – Rosenfeld (Trotsky’s brother in law), Zinoviev (head of the Comintern), Angelika Balabanoff (the lover and Muse of Mussolini!), David Ben-Gurion (Gruen), Golda Meir (nee Mabovich, in Kiev), Anne Siklebaum (erhh, Aplebaum-
PS : “The autonomy of Ukraine was openly greeted by the Ukrainian Jewish Volodymyr Zhabotinsky” (Wikipedia). Yes, he is the same as Ze’ev (the Wolf) Jabotinsky.May 22, 2015 at 3:24 pm #21257May 22, 2015 at 6:15 pm #21258
But not everyone is impressed. A Delhi University professor, wishing to remain anonymous, thinks this entire saga can only be analysed through the politicoideological prism, rather than the academic.
“For me, Saraswati is a mythical river and nothing more. It’s not a mere coincidence that all these things are coming up soon after the BJP came to power. It’s an attempt to rewrite the history, the Aryan history,” says he. Shinde seems circumspect on the Aryan migration issue. “It’s for historians to decide. But as an archeologist, I can say with confidence that for at least 7,000 years, there has been no migration into this region. You go to the village today, and you will feel you are walking through the same, old Harappan civilisation thriving 5,000 years ago. The style of pottery is similar. So are the food habits,” says he.
Nath is more direct. “There will always be a set of historians who will continue to deny the existence of the Saraswati – to meet their ideological and personal requirements. They can afford to do that as history can be interpretational. (But) Not archaeology, which is based on solid evidences and facts. And evidences for long have been supporting the existence of the Saraswati in the region.
Satellite imageries have proved beyond doubt the existence of a ‘mighty’ river drying up 4,000 years ago,” Nath says. Michel Danino, author of The Lost River: On the Trail of the Sarasvati, reminds of the dilemma . “If we accept the Vedic hymns’ description of a river flowing from the mountain to the sea and located between the Yamuna and Sutlej, the Ghaggar remains the sole candidate. But as we now know, this description can only apply to the third millennium BCE or earlier, an epoch that does not fit with the conventional scenario of a second millennium Aryan migration into India,” says the French author.
Nath has a solution to bridge this ‘historical’ divide. “Why don’t the historians objecting to our claims set up their own body of archeologists and excavate these sites? Facts don’t change with the change of experts. Sadly, they won’t come up with such initiatives,” says he.
Neelesh Jadhao, co-director of the excavation , is excited that Korean forensic experts would conduct DNA tests on the excavated skeletons. “This time we have ensured skeletons don’t get contaminated. We would know for the first time what the Harappans looked like, what they ate, what was the colour of their skin or hair, etc. It will add a new perspective to the Harappan study,” says he.May 24, 2015 at 7:36 pm #21323
1891: The British Labour Leader makes the following statement on the subject of the Rothschilds,
“This blood-sucking crew has been the cause of untold mischief and misery in Europe during the present century, and has piled up its prodigious wealth chiefly through fomenting wars between States which ought never to have quarrelled.
Whenever there is trouble in Europe, wherever rumours of war circulate and men’s minds are distraught with fear of change and calamity you may be sure that a hook-nosed Rothschild is at his games somewhere near the region of the disturbance.”
Comments like this worry the Rothschilds and towards the end of the 1800’s they purchase Reuters news agency so they can have some control of the media.
1895: Edmond James de Rothschild the youngest son of Jacob (James) Mayer Rothschild visits Palestine and subsequently supplies the funds to found the first Jewish colonies there, this is to further their long term objective of creating a Rothschild owned country.
1897: The Rothschilds found the Zionist Congress to promote Zionism (a political movement with the sole aim of moving all Jews into a singularly Jewish nation state) and arrange its first meeting in Munich. However due to extreme opposition from local Jews, who are quite happy where they are, this meeting has to be moved to Basle, Switzerland and takes place on 29 August. The meeting is chaired by Ashkenazi Jew, Theodor Herzl, who would state in his diaries,
“It is essential that the sufferings of Jews….become worse….this will assist in realization of our plans….I have an excellent idea….I shall induce anti-Semites to liquidate Jewish wealth….The anti-Semites will assist us thereby in that they will strengthen the persecution and oppression of Jews. The anti-Semites shall be our best friends.”
Herzl is subsequently elected President of the Zionist Organisation which adopts the, “Rothschild Red Hexagram or Sign,” as the Zionist flag which 51 years later will end up as the flag of Israel.
Edward Henry Harriman becomes a director of the Union Pacific Railroad and goes on to take control of the Southern Pacific Railroad. This is all financed by the Rothschilds.
1898: Ferdinand de Rothschild dies.
1901: The Jews from the colonies set up in Palestine by Edmond James de Rothschild, send a delegation to him which tell him,
“If you wish to save the Yishuv (The Jewish settlement) first take your hands from it, and…for once permit the colonists to have the possibility of correcting for themselves what needs correcting.”
Edmond James de Rothschild is very angry about this and states,
“I created the Yishuv, I alone. Therefore no men, neither colonists nor organisations have the right to interfere in my plans.”
The Rothschild banking house in Frankfurt, Germany, M. A. von Rothschild und Söhne, closes as there is no male Rothschild heir to take it on.
1902: Philippe de Rothschild born.
1905: A group of Rothschild backed Zionist Jews led by Georgi Apollonovich Gapon attempt to overthrow the Tsar in Russia in a Communist Coup. They fail and are forced to flee Russia only to be given refuge in Germany.
The Jewish Encyclopaedia (Vol. 2, p.497) states,
“It is a somewhat curious sequel to the attempt to set up a Catholic competitor to the Rothschilds that at the present time the latter are the guardians of the papal treasure.”
1906: The Rothschilds claim that due to growing instability in the region and increasing competition from Rockefeller (the Rockefeller family are Rothschild descendants through a female bloodline) owned Standard Oil, this is why they sell their Caspian and Black Sea Petroleum Company to Royal Dutch and Shell. This is another example of the Rothschilds trying to hide their true wealth.
1907: Rothschild, Jacob Schiff, the head of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., in a speech to the New York Chamber of Commerce, warns that,
“Unless we have a Central Bank with adequate control of credit resources, this country is going to undergo the most severe and far reaching money panic in its history.”
Suddenly America finds itself in the middle of another typical run of the mill Rothschild engineered financial crisis, which ruins as usual ruins the lives of millions of innocent people throughout America and makes billions for the Rothschilds.
1909: Jacob Schiff founds the National Advancement for the Association of the Coloured People (NAACP). This was done to incite black people into roiting, looting and other forms of disorder, in order to cause a rift between the black and white communities. Jewish historian, Howard Sachar, states the following in his book, “A History of the Jews in America,”
“In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise.”
Other Ashkenazi Jew co-founders included Julius Rosenthal, Lillian Wald and Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch. It was not until 1920 that the NAACP appointed its first black president, James Weldon Johnson.
Maurice de Rothschild marries Ashkenazi Jew, Noémie Halphen.
1911: Werner Sombart, in his book, “The Jews and Modern Capitalism,” stated that from 1820 on, it was the,
“Age of the Rothschild,” and concluded that there was, “Only one power in Europe, and that is Rothschild.”
1912: In the December issue of, “Truth,” magazine, George R. Conroy states of banker Jacob Schiff,
“Mr Schiff is head of the great private banking house of Kuhn, Loeb, and co, which represents the Rothschilds interests on this side of the Atlantic.
He has been described as financial strategist and has been for years the financial minister of the great impersonal power known as Standard Oil.
He was hand in glove with the Harrimans, the Goulds, and the Rockefellers in all their railroad enterprises and has become the dominant power in the railroad and financial power of America.”
1913: On March 4, Woodrow Wilson is elected the 28th President of the United States. Shortly after he is inaugurated, he is visited in the White House by Ashkenazi Jew, Samuel Untermyer, of law firm, Guggenheim, Untermyer, and Marshall, who tries to blackmail him for the sum of $40,000 in relation to an affair Wilson had whilst he was a professor at Princeton University, with a fellow professor’s wife.
President Wilson does not have the money, so Untermyer volunteers to pay the $40,000 out of his own pocket to the woman Wilson had had the affair with, on the condition that Wilson promise to appoint to the first vacancy on the United States Supreme Court a nominee to be recommended to President Wilson by Untermyer. Wilson agrees to this.
Jacob Schiff sets up the Anti Defamation League (ADL) in the United States. This organisation is formed to slander anyone who questions or challenges the Rothschild global conspiracy as, “anti-semitic.”
Strangely enough, the same year that they do this they also set up their last and current central bank in America, the Federal Reserve. Congressman Charles Lindbergh stated following the passing of the Federal Reserve Act on December 23,
“The Act establishes the most gigantic trust on earth. When the President signs this Bill, the invisible government of the monetary power will be legalized…….The greatest crime of the ages is perpetrated by this banking and currency bill.”May 26, 2015 at 6:28 pm #21335
“Älvdalen lies extremely deep within the Swedish forests and mountains. You can get there by boat up the river, Dalälven — a journey of more than 100 kilometres — and getting there and back used to be quite an expedition. So people in the area weren’t particularly mobile and were able to preserve this very special culture, considered in Sweden to be extremely traditional and old fashioned,” says Nielsen.
If you ask Rosenkvist, he has more or less the same explanation as to why people in Älvdalen kept on using runes after the ancient script had been abandoned by the rest of the nation.
“People in Älvdalen are a little conservative — in a good way. They kept themselves very much to themselves,” says Rosenkvist.
“Another important reason is that sending your children to school wasn’t obligatory in Sweden. Until the mid-19th century, many children didn’t attend school and until then, people simply kept on using the runes as their written language. When they started going to school, however, they only ever used the Latin alphabet and the use of runes gradually died out,” he says.May 26, 2015 at 6:30 pm #21336
Mr Hamacher, who runs an Indigenous astronomy program at UNSW, says evidence is mounting that Aboriginal stories hold clues about events from Australia’s ancient past.
Last year, he travelled to Victoria with tsunami expert James Goff, also from UNSW, to visit members of the Gunditjmara people
“They describe this gigantic wave coming very far inland and killing everybody except those who were up on the mountaintops, and they actually name all the different locations where people survived,” says Mr Hamacher.
He and Mr Goff took core samples from locations between 500m and 1km (0.6 miles) inland, and at each spot, they found a layer of ocean sediment, about 2m down, indicating that a tsunami likely washed over the area hundreds, or possibly thousands, of years ago.
The samples need further analysis but Mr Hamacher says it is a “very exciting” result that suggests the legend could be true.
Earlier this year, another team of researchers presented a paper arguing that stories from Australia’s coastal Aboriginal communities might “represent genuine and unique observations” of sea level rises that occurred between 7,000 and 11,000 years ago.May 27, 2015 at 1:43 am #21339
They are proud of their Viking ancestors but are not as Norwegian as they might think. The lion’s share of the genes of Orkney Islanders can be traced to the native peoples who lived their several millennia before Norwegians invaded and annexed the islands in the 9th century.
British and Australian researchers have mapped the genetic structure of today’s Brits. They found that the only place where the Viking inheritance is genetically strong is the Orkney Islands. Orkney were under Norwegian rule for centuries and as a result, 25 percent of Orkney Islanders’ genes can be traced to Norway.
The locals tend to be enthusiastic about their Viking heritage, which has now also been strongly identified in their genes:
“The people here are very fond of Norway and I feel most welcome,” says Ragnhild Ljosland. The Norwegian researcher is an associate professor at the Centre for Nordic Studies at Orkney College in Kirkwall, which is part of the University of the Highlands and Islands.
Ljosland’s research is in language, not genetics. She explains that words in Orkney dialect often have a close historic relationship to Norway:
“I feel that the Orkney dialect is just as Norwegian as it is Scottish,” she says. Ljosland mentions vowels, which have remained the same. For instance the Norwegian båt and the English boat, or the names for farming tools and animals. As for birds the Norwegian skarv (cormorant) is a scarfe in Orkney, a teist is a tistie and a lomvi is a loomie.May 27, 2015 at 1:48 am #21340
Ancient human mobility at the individual level is conventionally studied by the diverse application of suitable techniques (e.g. aDNA, radiogenic strontium isotopes, as well as oxygen and lead isotopes) to either hard and/or soft tissues. However, the limited preservation of coexisting hard and soft human tissues hampers the possibilities of investigating high-resolution diachronic mobility periods in the life of a single individual. Here, we present the results of a multidisciplinary study of an exceptionally well preserved circa 3.400-year old Danish Bronze Age female find, known as the Egtved Girl. We applied biomolecular, biochemical and geochemical analyses to reconstruct her mobility and diet. We demonstrate that she originated from a place outside present day Denmark (the island of Bornholm excluded), and that she travelled back and forth over large distances during the final months of her life, while consuming a terrestrial diet with intervals of reduced protein intake. We also provide evidence that all her garments were made of non-locally produced wool. Our study advocates the huge potential of combining biomolecular and biogeochemical provenance tracer analyses to hard and soft tissues of a single ancient individual for the reconstruction of highresolution human mobility.June 3, 2015 at 3:45 am #21420
A new paper at BMC Genetics on the origins of European cattle argues that European and Near Eastern farmers maintained trade links during the early Neolithic. This is very interesting if true, because it suggests that there was also regular movement of people between Europe and the Near East at this time.
Evidence for gene-flow between cattle populations from Southwestern Asia and Europe during the earlier phases of the European Neolithic points towards intercontinental trade connections between Neolithic farmers.June 9, 2015 at 7:44 pm #21495
Prehistoric Europeans told legends about powerful, mysterious female makers of European stone tombs called dolmens and cromlechs. On the one hand, they were said to bestow riches and fertility on individuals, and fantastic gifts like brewing beer and farming; all they wanted in return was a little milk. On the other hand, they were described as angry snakes guarded by bulls, cursing people and hoarding the very gold of the sun. They were imagined as beautiful cloven-hoofed snake- or bull-women, who guarded the dolmens and could speak with the dead, spin the rays of the sun, and even create the world.
In her master’s thesis of 2014, archaeologist Henna Lindström of the University of Helsinki in Finland writes of the folktales and legends of years gone by that grew up around the supposed supernatural makers and guardians of Portuguese dolmens. Ms. Lindström’s fascinating paper details stories from other parts of Europe about the Mouras Encantadas, as the mysterious women are called in Portugal.June 11, 2015 at 9:42 am #21503
Let us assume the following : Switzerland has become a battlefield.June 12, 2015 at 1:56 am #21508
There’s quite a bit of data online that casts doubt on Pew’s alleged non-partisanship.
The PEW Charitable Trusts were established by the surviving sons and daughters of Joseph N. Pew, founder of the Sun Oil Company, known today as Sunoco. The founding fortune of PEW’s trusts came from the often brutal tactics of the early American oil industry. By the end of fiscal year 2008, the total assets of PEW Charitable Trusts had grown to over $5 billion. When your independent public charity corporation is worth over $5 billion, it takes a lot of moxy to call yourself a “non-profit” organization.
. . .
PEW also has a history of investing in companies its alleged “principles” are in direct contrast with. For example, PEW has for years made sizable donations to environmentally conscious groups like Greenpeace, The Sierra Club, and the Environmental Defense Fund. In spite of this, one of the seven PEW trusts, Pew Memorial Trusts, contains over $24 million worth of purchased stock in Exxon-Mobil, one of the premier faces of the fracking industry that is destroying eco-systems throughout the US.
Another member of the PEW trusts, J.N. Pew Jr. Trust, has over $9 million invested in 12 different oil ventures, including Chevron, Marathon Group, and Phillips Petroleum. Unbelievably, the PEW Charitable Trusts formed a joint trust with 6 other “non-profit foundations” that included the Rockefeller Foundation, bringing its total assets to over $21 billion, in order to form the Energy Foundation. The Energy Foundation is the main financial supporter of the most prominent anti-Exxon Mobil activist group, the Texas Fund for Energy and Environmental Education.
PEW Data On Public Perception Of Intelligence Agencies Is Biased And False
An apparently right-wing org called “Ron Arnold’s Left Tracking Library” seems to thinks that PCT is a devilish left-wing outfit devoted to bringing down capitalism by funding environmental groups:
A non-profit conglomerate of epic size and ambition, operating many projects, all designed to reduce the power of the for-profit sector and increase government power over all aspects of American life.
. . .
Transparency is not a Pew virtue. Even the basic 2008 income and asset information above is so puny compared to the real money behind the organization that it stirs mistrust.
Pew Charitable Trusts
This page lists Pew’s gifts in year 2001 to environmental organizations. This list can’t be cut-and-pasted, so I have manually typed just a few of the ones over a million dollars:June 15, 2015 at 4:33 pm #21524
“Hundreds of graffiti, scratched or chiseled on stone, have been preserved in Aphrodisias — more than in most other cities of the Roman East(an area which includes Greece and part of the Middle East),” said Angelos Chaniotis, a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton New Jersey, in a lecture he gave recently at Toronto’s Royal Ontario Museum.
“Graffiti are the products of instantaneous situations, often creatures of the night, scratched by people amused, excited, agitated, perhaps drunk. This is why they are so hard to interpret,” Chaniotis said. “But this is why they are so valuable. They are records of voices and feelings on stone.”
The graffiti includes sexual imagery, with one plaque showing numerous penises. “A plaque built into the city wall has representations of phalluses of various sizes and positions and employed in a variety of ways,” Chaniotis said.
The graffiti also includes many depictions of gladiators. Although the city was part of the Roman Empire, the people of Aphrodisias mainly spoke Greek. The graffiti is evidence that people living in Greek-speaking cities embraced gladiator fighting, Chaniotis said.
“Pictorial graffiti connected with gladiatorial combat are very numerous,” he said. “And this abundance of images leaves little doubt about the great popularity of the most brutal contribution of the Romans to the culture of the Greek east.”
Some of the most interesting gladiator graffiti was found on a plaque in the city’s stadium where gladiator fights took place. The plaque depicts battles between two combatants: a retiarius (a type of gladiator armed with a trident and net) and a secutor (a type of gladiator equipped with a sword and shield).June 18, 2015 at 9:59 am #21607
The critics of this work will claim that Prophet of Doom is offensive, racist,
hatemongering, intolerant, and unnecessarily violent. I agree— but I didn’t
write those parts. They came directly from Islam’s scriptures. If you don’t like what Muhammad and Allah said, don’t blame me. I’m just the messenger.
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