Zen Bones, Zen Flesh, Zen Stones, Zen Tears, Zen Winks, Zen Smiles, Zen Life, Zen Death

 

 

 

 

At the end of the last glaciation, about 10,000 years ago, the area’s ecosystem was characterised by a largely treeless tundra. Pollen studies have shown that this was replaced by a taiga of birch, and then pine, before their replacement in turn (c. 4500 BC) by most of the species of tree encountered today – including, by 4000 BC, the beech, which seems to have been introduced from mainland Europe. This was used as a source of flour, ground from the triangular nutlets contained in the “mast”, or fruit of the beech, after its tannins had been leached out by soaking. Beechmast has also traditionally been fed to pigs.[5]

However, by 4000 BC, as Oliver Rackham has indicated, the dominant tree species was not the beech, but the small-leaved lime, also known as the pry tree.[6] The wildwood was made up of a patchwork of lime-wood areas and hazel-wood areas, interspersed with oak and elm and other species. The pry seems to have become less abundant now because the climate has turned against it, making it difficult for it to grow from seed. Nevertheless, some remnants of ancient lime-wood still remain in south Suffolk.[7]

Clearance of forests began with the introduction of farming (c. 4500 BC), particularly in the higher-lying parts of the country, like the South Downs. At this time, the whole region, apart from upland areas under plough, and marshy areas (e.g. Romney Marsh in Kent and much of Somerset), was heavily forested, with woodland stretching nearly everywhere.

Notable surviving examples include:

  • Wyre Forest (on the border of Worcestershire and Shropshire)

 

All of these were once far more extensive than they are today. For example, according to a late 9th century writer, the Weald (from the Anglo-Saxon word weald = “forest”) once stretched from Kent to Hampshire, and was 120 miles (190 km) long by 30 broad.[8]

The New Forest (in south-west Hampshire) remains the largest intact forested area in this ecoregion (at 571 km2 ), although the hedgerow system, which separates fields from lanes and also from other fields, is also extensive, and serves as an important habitat for otherwise displaced woodland fauna. Some species-rich hedgerows date back at least 700 years, if not 1,000. For many species of bird, significant estuarine habitats include the Thames and Severn estuaries, and the mid-Essex coast.

The Mesozoic history of the area can be seen in the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site, where about 180 Ma of fossil-rich sedimentary deposits have been exposed along a 95-mile (153 km) stretch of the Dorset and East Devon coast. The science of palaeontology can be said to have started in large measure here, with the pioneering work of Mary Anning.

The Great Storm of 1987 was responsible for the uprooting of some 15 million trees in this area.

https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=English%20Lowlands%20beech%20forests

 

Rackham was a prolific historical ecologist whose prime interest was the function, history, and management of British woodlands. He kept a series of notebooks, which he began during his youth and continued until his death, in which he recorded observations on plants seen in his home surroundings and on his travels, in addition to information about the weather and his college duties.[2] Arising from his research on Hayley Wood in Cambridgeshire, he developed the concept of ancient woodland, rich in plant diversity and managed through traditional practices. His 1980 book Ancient Woodland, its History, Vegetation and Uses in England led to the recognition of such areas by the Forestry Commission and in planning legislation. It also helped to alter forestry industry views about woodland conservation. The Woodland Trust became a larger woodland owner to ensure conservation.[4] He argued for the preservation of traditional management techniques like coppicing, to let light in to increase in the diversity of the herb layer.

In 1986 he published The History of the Countryside, regarded as his greatest achievement and described as “a magisterial 400-page account of the British landscape from prehistory to the present day, with chapters on aspects ranging from woodland and hedgerows to marshes and the sea.” The book won several awards for literature.[1] His other books include Woodlands (2006), in the Collins New Naturalist series, and he also wrote on Hatfield Forest.

 

https://www.revolvy.com/topic/Oliver%20Rackham&item_type=topic

 

Ashdown Forest formed an important part of the Wealden iron industry that operated from pre-Roman times until the early 18th century. The industry reached its peak in the two periods when the Weald was the main iron-producing region of Britain, namely in the first 200 years of the Roman occupation (1st to 3rd centuries AD) and during Tudor and early Stuart times. Iron-smelting in the former period was based on bloomery technology, while the latter depended for its rapid growth on the blast furnace, when the Ashdown area became the first in England to use this technology.

The Forest was a particularly favourable location for iron production because of the presence of iron-ore in the local geology of sandstone Ashdown Beds and overlying Wadhurst Clay, the availability of large expanses of woodland for the production of charcoal, and deep, steep-sided valleys that had been incised into the relatively soft sandstone which together with locally high rainfall made it practical to dam streams to form lakes to provide water power for furnaces and forges.

Iron Age and Roman Period

When the Romans invaded Britain in AD 43 the Weald already had a well-established tradition of iron-making, using very small, clay bloomery furnaces for iron-smelting. The pre-Roman settlement pattern was one of sparse occupation based on major defended enclosures along the northern edge of the High Weald with smaller enclosures deeper within it, such as the hill-fort at Garden Hill. The association of these smaller enclosures with iron-making and other evidence suggest that Iron Age colonizers saw the Weald primarily as a source of iron.[1]

The Romans also saw the Weald’s economic potential for iron-making and with growing markets in south-east England generated by the building of towns, villas and farms the industry grew, achieving high levels of output at its peak. There is evidence in Ashdown Forest of Roman bloomeries at Garden Hill, Pippingford Park and elsewhere. Like other sites in the western Weald, these are thought to have been private, commercial operations set up by entrepreneurs to produce iron goods for nearby civilian markets. This was in contrast to Roman iron production in the eastern Weald, which is thought to have been state-controlled and linked to the needs of the British Fleet, the Classis Britannica, and which may have been an Imperial Estate.[2]

The transition from Late Iron Age to Roman Era iron production in the Forest, as elsewhere in the Weald, may have been quite smooth. Bloomery production was already well-established and this southern coastal region of Britain had already become Romanised prior to the invasion of AD 43. It has been suggested that the poorly built Roman-era bath building at Garden Hill may indicate continuity of indigenous community and activity, and a desire to indulge in a more Romanised way of life.[3]

Oliver Rackham has highlighted the impact that the Romans’ sophisticated woodmanship, including coppicing, which they practised in Italy, would have had on the Wealden forest in supplying the Roman military iron works there. Using Henry Cleere’s estimates that the output of one Roman ironworks in the Weald would be 550 tonnes a year for 120 years, Rackham calculates that it could have been sustained permanently by the charcoal produced by 23,000 acres of coppice wood. He points out that there were many Roman ironworks in the Weald (at least 113 ironworking sites in the Weald have been dated to the Roman period, though of these 20 or less very big sites accounted for the majority of production);[4] clearly, in this respect alone, the Wealden forest the Saxons found was not a virgin forest, but one already affected by human activity.[5]

The trunk road between London and Lewes, partly metalled with iron slag from local bloomeries, would have served to carry the Forest’s iron products to the Roman province’s pre-eminent mercantile centre at London, and the densely populated agricultural areas of the South Downs and the coastal plain around Chichester.[1] It is likely that the iron goods transported to London and elsewhere took the form of semi-finished products; these would then have been worked into finished products for onward distribution, including overseas.

Although the Roman iron industry flourished from the invasion to the mid 3rd century, it then declined until there was very little activity at all during the 4th century.

Saxon Period

During the period between the departure of the Romans in the early 5th century AD and the Norman Conquest iron-making in the forest – as in the Weald as a whole – seems to have taken place on only a very small scale, judging from the lack of material evidence. A primitive Middle Saxon iron-smelting furnace at Millbrook, near Nutley, which operated in the 9th century, is the only furnace from the Saxon period to have been found in the entire Weald.[6] [7]

Tudor and Stuart Period

The local iron industry underwent a massive resurgence in Tudor and early Stuart times as a result of the introduction of the blast furnace from northern France. Blast furnaces were much larger and more permanent structures than bloomeries, and produced much greater quantities of iron. They correspondingly made much greater demands on local resources, in particular wood, iron ore and water (to operate the bellows and forges in what was now a two-stage smelting and forging process). Because of the huge demand for water, they were generally located in deep valleys where streams could be dammed to provide a sufficient, consistent flow. Such resources were things that Ashdown Forest and the surrounding area possessed in abundance.

Ashdown Forest became the site of Britain’s second blast furnace when the works at Newbridge, south of Coleman’s Hatch at the foot of Kidd’s Hill, began operation in 1496. (Britain’s earliest known blast furnace, a few miles away at Queenstock, Buxted, began operation at the end of 1490). The Newbridge furnace, constructed at the commission of Henry VII for the production of heavy metalwork for gun carriages for his war against the Scots, was designed and initially run by French immigrants.[8] The Crown’s involvement with Newbridge continued until a replacement, larger furnace was built in 1539 on the western edge of Ashdown Forest at Stumbles. Other works set up around this time in or near the Forest include a steel forge at Pippingford Park, around 1505, and a furnace and forge at Parrock, Hartfield, in 1513. Unfortunately, there is little visible trace of any of these sites today but it is possible to visit the site of Newbridge furnace, off Kidd’s Hill, where there is an information board, and to see a number of identifiable features.

The industry grew very rapidly in Ashdown Forest and elsewhere in the High Weald during the 16th century. The area became particularly noted for the casting of cannons for the British navy. The iron-master and gun founder Ralph Hogge, who in 1543 had cast the first iron cannon in England at Buxted, drew his raw materials from the southern part of the forest. The rapid expansion of the iron industry and its huge demand for raw materials, particularly the cutting of trees for making charcoal, is likely to have had a major early impact on Ashdown Forest by depleting its woodlands, although it is likely that in due course production of wood through coppice management, in common with the practice generally in the High Weald, will have been required to ensure a more sustainable supply.

The industry declined in the 17th century as a result of competition from lower-cost and higher productivity iron-producing areas in England and overseas, particularly Sweden.

https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Iron%20industry%20of%20Ashdown%20Forest&uid=1575

 

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Well, pilgrims (hat tip to Col. Pat Lang for that, ahaha) what’s on the menu today ?

 

http://www.shareyouradventure.com/map/44811/PilgrimChris/Pilgrim-Routes-in-The-UK-Ireland

 

Here is a list of sacred sites we have visited in Wales, grouped by county name. Have you tried our new MAP page?

 

http://www.hedgedruid.com/sacred-sites-2/sacred-sites-of-wales/

 

The Ways of the Saints: Pilgrimages & Pilgrim Routes in the UK

 

http://www.shareyouradventure.com/map/44811/PilgrimChris/Pilgrim-Routes-in-The-UK-Ireland

 

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I came across this, which reminded me of my chairmaking.

The drive was muddy and a brown fluffy dog came running out to greet us. The buildings were numerous, and although there was a sign letting us know we had the right place, we were still unsure which door to knock on. And the dog was jumping up on me with muddy paws (good thing he was a cute dog). Louie told us to come on in, “they’re just finishing up for the day.” Inside the living room, decorated for Christmas, was a familiar scene…a large chair mostly woven, everything else pushed to the side, tools and weaving scraps on the floor. “Sometimes its too cold to work in the shop,” Mark said with a smile. We assured him our shop was also cold and our living room often taken over by chairs in progress.

http://silverriverchairs.com/newberry-sons-chairs-now-thats-what-i-call-authentic/

Having been reminded, I thought it might be therapeutic to revisit that aspect of my existence. Because if it hadn’t been for the chairmaking project, I would not be sitting here, on this mountain, I’d likely have had an altogether different life over the last few decades. But who can say. ‘Unknown unknowns’. Some of us, if not all, seem to have a destiny, fate or calling. It happens to others too.

http://www.mainecoastcraft.com/blog/finishing-a-handmade-rustic-welsh-windsor-chair

Sometime right after being hired by Popular Woodworking magazine in 1996 I saw my first Welsh stick chair in the British magazine Good Woodworking. I can remember the exact article. Heck, I own the article. It showed John Brown standing next to one of his chairs. I was hooked, and there was nothing that could be done about it except to start building chairs.

https://blog.lostartpress.com/2015/02/12/the-case-for-chairmaking/

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In the comments to previous post, Ghostwheel wrote :

http://www.monsangelorum.net/?p=29317&cpage=3#comment-28029

>>>>Here’s another riddle…

Instead of cracking my head open on that one, I’d rather wait until you write a general essay on it. If you do. It sounds like something that merits it.

Jewish mysticism? I’m down with all forms of mysticism, but as a philosopher, not a mystic myself. Although I have experience as a meditator, the only success I’ve had is in not getting attached to the results. Because there have been no results.

As you’ve been to “mystical spaces” and I haven’t, I’m guessing you’ll do better job drawing out that particular riddle than I ever could.

“Your mission, should you choose to accept it….”

Hmmm. What do I think about that ? Let’s see…

Most people one speaks to have opinions. They are mostly busy and stressed, so they don’t have a lot of time or mental space to think and learn stuff, but if you ask them a question, they don’t want to appear ignorant and uninformed, so they’ll supply an answer and hope that it gives the appearance of them being knowledgeable and serious.

And because they have not done a lot of serious hard thinking themselves, they’ll typically search their memory and repeat some handy convenient piece of information that they got from somewhere else. That’s essentially Richard Dawkins meme theory. Contagious mind viruses that pass from brain to brain.

One of the best examples I’ve witnessed was the then Prime Minister Tony Blair saying about Saddam Hussein in Iraq, ‘We know he’s got weapons of mass destruction’. This phrase – a meme – was then repeated ad nauseam in all the media, and by countless people.

NONE of the repeaters KNEW anything of the sort, from any direct personal experience, or even by studying sources. But they all had egos which like to appear aware of politics and events and news, so they repeated that handy convenient phrase. Just like budgerigars or parrots will learn and repeat a phrase without any intellectual understanding of what it actually means.

This is what the semi-intelligent partly-educated masses do. Everyone feels they should have a view. They feel slightly embarrassed to appear ignorant if they said ‘I do not know’ so they search their minds for some fragment of stored information which they then utter, to fill up the space with an impression of ‘being informed’.

I think that anyone can actually test this out in practice, and observe how it works.

The need or desire to ‘have an opinion’ so as not to feel stupid and out of touch is fed by the mass media, which supplies the memes ready made, like junk food, for the population to repeat and circulate. They stick in people’s heads, just like a catchy piece of a pop song that’s number one in the charts and people sing or hum as they go about their daily lives.

Once you become aware and fully conscious as to how this works, you can resist it. You can prevent your brain/mind being contaminated with these tailored pieces of information, and insist upon autonomy, take charge of your own mental space and what it accepts and rejects.

I noticed this long ago, way back when I was a kid, that I’d find myself humming or singing some catchy bit of melody, even from pop songs that I did not like, by performers whom I did not like. Similar to being infected with a cold or cough.

Anyway, it seems that we are all vulnerable to this mechanism, and it’s used by the advertising industry  and propagandists to influence us all. It’s not tremendously difficult to get free, all you have to do is to become self-aware and notice how it works.

One of the best, most effective, ways of doing that is to learn one of the many available meditation techniques. They require introspection, so you are forced to observe and confront all the ideas, feelings  and impulses that arise.

It’s hard to do, at first, because you have to stay still and concentrate your attention, rather then putting the TV on, going to the pub, or whatever other habitual patterns you’ve developed to fill up time and cope with everything.

But if you persist, it soon gets easier, and you might even get some startling breakthrough or insight which encourages you to stay with it. But it’s a bit like learning a musical instrument, it’s hard and unrewarding in the beginning and most people give up and soon turn to other attempts to satisfy their existential angst.

Ghostwheel wrote ‘….the only success I’ve had is in not getting attached to the results. Because there have been no results. ‘

I know precisely what you mean. But this is very probably because you are making some sort of mistake, like looking for the wrong thing in the wrong place.

When I first started to ‘meditate’, in my late teens or early twenties, I only had the vaguest notion as to what ‘meditation’ is and what I was supposed to be trying to do.

I won’t recount all the details, that probably won’t assist anyone much, but the main lesson I draw is that you have to keep on trying. Just do it for ten or fifteen minutes, every day.

Probably, nothing noticeable will happen. But then, what are you EXPECTING to happen ? Whatever expectation you have may be the main obstacle. Because you’ll be basing that expectation on stuff you already know from previous life experience. And that can be a blockage to having a new experience that’s UNLIKE anything you have had before.

So, imo, the best attitude or remedy is to have no expectations whatsoever, no desire or aim or purpose. Just do it. For no reason whatsoever. Concentrate hard, focus, observe everything that occurs closely and attentively. Then you’ll automatically learn. You’ll find some experience (like sore, uncomfortable legs, hahaha) that you notice, and recall that same thing happened last time. Don’t think about it or analyse or get discouraged, just notice what occurs by intense introspection. It may appear illogical to be doing something for no reason or purpose, but this is a sort of psychological trick, to avoid being bogged down in difficulties.

Become aware of your attention,  where it rests and what it contains. Don’t try to alter or interfere, just observe, because you learn automatically, just by doing the watching. You’ll find yourself noticing something, and be aware that you noticed that same thing before, yesterday. If you  need something definite to do, then observe and feel your breath as it enters the body and is then exhaled.

Eventually, you’ll have some sort of new insight, an ‘aha !’ moment, and feel that you made some progress.

All that is for complete beginners. Once you’ve established a routine and stayed with it for a few weeks or months, then it gets more interesting, because there’s very many things you can do, and sometimes the results can be very impressive, even spectacular. But it’s a long tough slog in the early days, and easy to lose interest and give up.

It’s a pity if people put in a lot of effort, find no results, become disappointed and disheartened, and give up. I mean, it’s even worse, if you take the more Christian route, and pray, and your prayers receive no answer of any kind.

In a sense, meditation is a kind of prayer (or vice versa), but there are some significant differences, in that meditation is more physical, you are connecting to your physical body, typically by attending to each breath. Whereas prayer can be more a matter of the intellect, like reading a book, or having an imagined conversation.

It’s like learning to swim, or to ride a bicycle, or to play an instrument, very hard at first, but if you persist and practice, eventually you’ll make a rewarding advance and begin to get the idea.

Probably, my favourite book on this topic is Paul Reps ‘Zen Flesh, Zen Bones’.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zen_Flesh,_Zen_Bones

https://terebess.hu/zen/101ZenStones.pdf

 

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460 Responses to Zen Bones, Zen Flesh, Zen Stones, Zen Tears, Zen Winks, Zen Smiles, Zen Life, Zen Death

  1. ulvfugl says:

    The Tao of change – the way of change…

    This whole site is quite naturally focused on the “left brain”, structured, analytical aspect of change and how we manage it.

    However, there is another perspective, maybe another dimension, to how we interact with change – a more “right brain” approach – and in this small section of the site I want to take time out for reflection – and to try to experience that wider view – the Tao of change…

    http://www.strategies-for-managing-change.com/tao-of-change.html

  2. ulvfugl says:

    Roaring Mouse
    September 13, 2017 at 9:08 am
    I’ve largely moved on from this site due to its operators belief in the need to repress expression. Good luck with your ideological strong-shepherding. Karma will settle up in due time.

    Reply ↓
    YankeeFrank
    September 13, 2017 at 9:26 am
    Ah, the karma police have shown up again. What will we do.

    Reply ↓
    windsock
    September 13, 2017 at 11:09 am
    Listen to Radiohead?

    Reply ↓

    https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2017/09/we-are-reopening-comments.html

    Radiohead ? Radiohead ! Worth a try, eh….

  3. ulvfugl says:

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-13/paul-craig-roberts-behold-pale-horse-and-its-rider-washington

    ET Sep 14, 2017 2:06 AM
    No insouciance?

    I agree with much of what PCR has written. The military-industrial complex and the vigorous defense of a failed currency are leading the country to ruin.

    The time is now to retreat temporarily from imperial ambitions and tend to neglected areas. America is a tired and bankrupt nation. We no longer live in the 1945-1991 era.

    Blue Steel 309’s picture
    Blue Steel 309 ET Sep 14, 2017 2:19 AM
    At least we all know what insouciance means now. I am a fan of expanded vocabulary. The English language in unparalleled for expression, it is only the people who speak it who hold it back. This is mostly a deliberate result by the MSM and government monopoly on education.

    Remember hearing that Newspapers were written for a 5th grade education? Nobody who made the decisions thought that was going to be beneficial to the plebes in the long run.

    shining one’s picture
    shining one ET Sep 14, 2017 2:28 AM
    lol.

    I think people need to stop thinking in terms of countries vs countries. The elites do not think that way. This world situation makes more sence when looked at in terms of, they are all in the same club. All leaders are just following orders. It’s the people that need to be convinced. Convinced of the shape of the NWO, through fear and decite.

    BingoBoggins’s picture
    BingoBoggins shining one Sep 14, 2017 2:36 AM

    So fire them (Congress). That’s entirely possible until martial law is declared.

    What are you waiting for?

    Tarzan’s picture
    Tarzan BingoBoggins Sep 14, 2017 6:17 AM
    You can fire Congress all you like. Nothing will change as long as the lords over congress remain in the shadows.

    If Carter wanted to expose that the President and Congress are payed for, he would have exposed those paying, like himself!

    Let the leaks become a flood, Expose Them ALL!

    Is-Be’s picture
    Is-Be shining one Sep 14, 2017 2:35 AM
    Sense not sence.

    You bring out the Nazi in me.

    Nostradumbass’s picture
    Nostradumbass shining one Sep 14, 2017 3:01 AM
    How it is likely playing out:

    Washington to China and Russia: Oy Vey! We gotta get this rogue state North Korea under our thumb.

    China and Russia to Washington: Soitenly! See you at the club…

  4. ulvfugl says:

    His alleged victims included boys as young as 10 during his only two assignments as a parish priest, at Saint John the Evangelist in Lower Makefield, which he joined in 1977, and St. Cecilia’s in the Fox Chase section of Northeast Philadelphia, where he became an associate pastor in 1981. The late Cardinal John Krol once described Brzyski’s conduct as that of a “wolf in sheep’s clothing.”
    But, like 62 other priests the grand jury said abused hundreds of children over decades in the five-county archdiocese, Brzyski was never criminally charged or prosecuted. After top archdiocesan officials learned about his assaults, Brzyski admitted to acts of sexual misconduct, and he was sent to a Catholic treatment center, where a top clinician said the priest manifested pedophilia.

    Brzyski walked out on treatment, however, and refused to stay in ministry. Church officials chose not to report him to law enforcement and only told parishioners at St. Cecilia’s that he had left for medical reasons. The church further issued a policy instructing that no effort be made to locate victims from St. Cecilia’s, the grand jury found.
    By the time prosecutors conducted their expansive probe of clergy abuse decades later, the statute of limitations had expired, barring the filing of criminal charges or any lawsuits against him or the church that had once overseen him.

    Will Spade, a former member of the team of prosecutors who worked the grand jury probe, described news of Brzyski’s death as the end of “a very long period” of frustration.
    “You could never prosecute the guy for the things that he had done because of the statute, and the difficulty of getting victims to come forward when they were young enough and in the statute,” said Spade, now in private practice. “You can’t come up with the proper words to describe how awful he was and how much damage he did.”
    In the ensuing years, Brzyski appeared to roam the country. Public records — and occasional news clips about him — indicated stops in Virginia, Wisconsin, and eventually Texas.

    Neighbors there said he had moved into his ground-floor apartment in Dallas about three years ago. Vivian Galbraith, whom Brzyski had considered a friend, said she received a Wednesday afternoon phone call from an investigator with the Medical Examiner’s Office, who wanted to know details about Brzyski’s background.
    “I told him where he lived, his apartment, and I also told him that he filled out official paperwork to have his body donated to medical research,” Galbraith said in a phone interview.

    https://voat.co/v/pizzagate/2128750

  5. ulvfugl says:

  6. ulvfugl says:

  7. ulvfugl says:

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  9. ulvfugl says:

    The many hundreds of books and thousands of academic papers on the topic of Pleistocene (Ice Age) art are limited in their approach because they deal only with the early art of southwestern Europe. This is the first book to offer a comprehensive synthesis of the known Pleistocene palaeoart of six continents, a phenomenon that is in fact more numerous and older in other continents. It contemplates the origins of art in a balanced manner, based on reality rather than fantasies about cultural primacy. Its key findings challenge most previous perceptions in this field and literally re-write the discipline.

    Despite the eclectic format and its high academic standards, the book addresses the non-specialist as well as the specialist reader. It presents a panorama of the rich history of palaeoart, stretching back more than twenty times as long in time as the cave art of France and Spain. This abundance of evidence is harnessed in presenting a new hypothesis of how early humans began to form and express constructs of reality and thus created the ideational world in which they existed. It explains how art-producing behaviour began and the origins of how humans relate to the world consciously.

    https://www.amazon.com/Palaeoart-Ice-Age-Robert-Bednarik/dp/1443895172/ref=as_li_ss_tl?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1505311489&sr=1-87&keywords=prehistory&linkCode=sl1&tag=amidelacuedel-20&linkId=62528e24a8df5b94f5493a7c58b20a58

  10. ulvfugl says:

    Last week I read a fascinating paper by Kyselý, Dobeš, Svoboda, 2017 – abstract below. I’ll briefly share some of their pay-per-view findings, but my interest is the meaning behind this phenomenon. Related to this previous post: “Woman with a Wolf-Toothed Necklace”

    In a cemetery at Březiněves, Czech Republic, Kyselý, Dobeš, Svoboda examine what they believe is the largest collection of tooth and shell necklaces in the whole of Europe. The distribution of shell and teeth are mostly necklaces, but in many cases the placement of shell beads or teeth also suggest decoration on certain garments, like women’s hobbit cloaks, hoods, capes and purses.

    http://bellbeakerblogger.blogspot.co.uk/2017/09/dogs-and-donuts-in-cwc.html

    1

    So again, why would dog teeth be associated with wolves, wolves with a Sun god, and a Sun god with (generally child-bearing age) Corded Ware women? Let me attempt to connect fifty thousand dots just for the heck of it.

  11. ulvfugl says:

    In what many have dubbed a flagrant intervention by Amazon itself to seemingly boost the rating of Hillary Clinton’s new book “What Happened”, the Telegraph first reported, and subsequently many others observed first hand, that Amazon has been monitoring and deleting 1-star reviews of Hillary Clinton’s new book “which was greeted with a torrent of criticism on the day it was released.”

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-13/watch-amazon-deletes-hundreds-one-star-reviews-hillary-clintons-new-book

  12. ulvfugl says:

    No sooner had this statement hit the tape however, before the White House press secretary Sarah Sanders immediately denied that this had happened: “While DACA and border security were both discussed, excluding the wall was certainly not agreed to”, while White House legal affairs director Marc Short said the Dems’ DACA statement was “misleading,” and said no deal on DACA or border wall $$ was reached tonight.

    Unable to reconcile this glaring confusion, we said “Or, in other words, deal but no deal at the same time. Hopefully by tomorrow morning someone will know what really happened.”

    Well, tomorrow has arrived and that someone appears to be president Trump himself,

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/trump-no-deal-was-made-last-night-daca

  13. ulvfugl says:

    It emphasizes Shikantaza, meditation with no objects, anchors, or content. The meditator strives to be aware of the stream of thoughts, allowing them to arise and pass away without interference.
    The Japanese brand of the sect was imported in the 13th century by Dōgen Zenji, who studied Cáodòng Buddhism (Chinese: 曹洞宗; pinyin: Cáodòng Zōng) abroad in China. Dōgen is remembered today as the co-patriarch of Sōtō Zen in Japan along with Keizan Jōkin.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C5%8Dt%C5%8D

    The term shikantaza is attributed to Dōgen’s teacher Tiantong Rujing (1162-1228), and it literally means, “nothing but (shikan) precisely (da) sitting (za).”[1] In other words, Dōgen means, “doing only zazen whole-heartedly” or “single-minded sitting.”

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shikantaza

  14. ulvfugl says:

    Abstract
    Immensely prolific, discredited during his lifetime, Joséphin Péladan (1858–1918) constructed a vast, complex, yet coherent oeuvre with the purpose of demonstrating the transformative power of art by manifesting the highest ideals on the material plane, in response to the social decadence he perceived in fin-de-siècle French society. Central to Péladan’s vision was his conception of artists as initiates: select individuals who could bring a small part of the divine into the mundane sphere

    https://www.academia.edu/5292657/How_to_become_a_Mage_or_Fairy_Jos%C3%A9phin_P%C3%A9ladans_Initiation_for_the_Masses

  15. ulvfugl says:

    And, not surprisingly, Trump’s former Chief Strategist Steve Bannon took direct aim at the White House with a series of negative headlines.

    So what say you? Clever, “4-D” calculated move by a President just looking for small policy achievements or did Trump just destroy his base and cement his fate as a one-term President?

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/trumps-base-turns-him-ann-coulter-wonders-point-who-doesnt-want-trump-impeached

    Syrin Mr.BlingBling Sep 14, 2017 12:32 PM

    You NEVER make a deal with the devil! NEVER!! Here’s what Trump had better wake up to. A typical article over at Breitbart gets a few hundred comments, and a heated topic a few thousand. The one mentioning this has 46,000 as of right now. This would be betrayal akin to finding your spouse in bed with Scary Reid. If this is true, he’s done. His base will PUSH for him to be impeached. People didn’t vote for Trump. They voted against swamp monsters and for his agenda as articulated during the campaign. Right now he’s implementing Hillarnazi’s agenda. YOU’RE FIRED if this is true.

  16. ulvfugl says:

    We knew it was coming. An Arab League showdown on Tuesday turned into a shouting match involving allies turned bitter enemies Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates.

    Currently Qatar is being boycotted by four other Arab states and the once strong Gulf Cooperation Council alliance (GCC) is in shambles. Qatar’s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Sultan bin Saad al-Muraikhi immediately raised the boycott in his opening remarks though the dispute was supposed to be carefully avoided and wasn’t on the agenda. He called Qatar’s gulf enemies, especially Saudi Arabia, “rabid dogs”.

    “Even the animals were not spared, you sent them out savagely,” Muraikhi said, referring to the fact that camels of Qatari farmers in Saudi Arabia were left to roam and die in the open desert along the border area between the two countries. The Emirati foreign minister countered, “Fifty-nine terrorists are residing and settled in Qatar or have ties to Qatar. A large number of them are named as terrorists by the Americans and another group are labelled terrorists by the European Union and a third group are labelled as terrorists by the United Nations. And yet another group are on the terror list of Arab countries.”

    “No! When I speak you be quiet!”

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/you-rabid-dogs-watch-sreaming-arab-league-members-accuse-each-other-terrorism

    While energy-rich Qatar has the highest per capita income in the world, its residents have faced a summer of empty supermarkets and long lines to get basic staples. Reports of extreme and creative ways Qataris have attempted to get around the blockade include an ongoing plan to fly thousands of dairy cows on Qatar Airways jets into the country.

    In late August Qatar even went so far as to announce the restoration of diplomatic relations with Iran in a counter-move that was arguably its greatest act of defiance yet. The constant refrain of Qatar’s former GCC allies is that Qatar has grown too close to Iran while sponsoring and funding terrorism. For the Sunni gulf states “funding terrorism” is really an empty euphemism meaning links to Iran and minority Shia movements on the Arab side of the gulf. Ironically, there is ample evidence demonstrating that both sides of the current gulf schism have in truth funded terror groups like al-Qaeda and ISIS, especially in Syria.

    For now the world can just sit back and watch as the dirty laundry is aired and the GCC implodes after years of nearly all the gulf monarchies funding jihadist movements in places like Syria, Iraq, and Libya – as well as a scorched earth bombing campaign against impoverished Yemen.

  17. ulvfugl says:

    Alas, it now seems that even if the U.S. government didn’t ultimately pay for Linton’s honeymoon or personal travel that Mnuchin at least gave it the ‘good ole college try’. According to Bloomberg, Mnuchin requested a U.S. Air Force jet for his honeymoon in Europe last month “for national security reasons” but subsequently withdrew the request after realizing he wasn’t really that important to the world at large.

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/eclipsegate-returns-treasury-secretary-mnuchin-requested-government-jet-european-hon

  18. ulvfugl says:

    ..leaked White House memo to Buzzfeed News reveals that National security advisor H.R. McMaster urged senior government officials to warn agency employees against leaks of both classified and unclassified information.

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/leaked-white-house-memo-reveals-mcmasters-plan-crackdown-white-house-leaks

    thesonandheir Sep 14, 2017 1:33 PM

    Kill them all randomly until it stops!

    Ghost of PartysOver’s picture
    Ghost of PartysOver thesonandheir Sep 14, 2017 1:42 PM
    The Swamp is deep! The career bureaucrats will not go quietly into the night. It has taken many years, even decades to get to this point so don’t think it will be fixed over night. Although, when they are found just take them out back and shoot ’em

    IntercoursetheEU’s picture
    IntercoursetheEU Ghost of PartysOver Sep 14, 2017 1:56 PM
    And what about the Awan spy ring in Congress? Massive breach, secret servers, a huge story bring ignored –

    Eyes Opened’s picture
    Eyes Opened thesonandheir Sep 14, 2017 1:42 PM
    ” Kill them ALL ”

    fify..

    ET’s picture
    ET Sep 14, 2017 1:46 PM
    Career professionals in State and Defense always leak to get rid of their bosses.

    Any official hell-bent on reform (Trump) gets this kind of treatment from the bureaucracy.

    The trick is to praise the bureaucrats while pushing the reform agenda.

    A useful tactic to stop the leaks is for senior civilian and military leaders to conduct visits at all levels of leadership and talk to those who work for them and praise them publicly. Photo ops. Prepared public statements about the incredible work that they do. Simple but powerful gestures.

    These guys are all amateurs.

  19. ulvfugl says:

  20. ulvfugl says:

    And in what’s perhaps the interview’s most extreme revelation, Isaacson says Antifa’s mistrust of the police stems from the belief that both the US military and police departments have been infiltrated by Nazis, and that both groups are conspiring to crush Antifa. Setting aside the obvious ridiculousness of this statement for a second, if that were true, why hasn’t the movement been crushed already?

    At both events, Antifa punched, kicked, shoved and harassed peaceful demonstrators. After attending the event largely out of curiosity, a local news anchor published a Facebook post where he attested that “I experienced hatred first-hand today.” In the post, he recounted how demonstrators threatened him with robbery and violence, all for trying to document a rally in a public park.

    Then the LA Times, Washington Post and even the Atlantic piled on, publishing a series of negative stories recounting the group’s history of violence at rallies and events across the country.

    Some Democrats, including Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, have condemned the group. But members of the alt-left have embraced it. Liberal activist Cornel West said that antifa activists saved him and others in Charlottesville from “being crushed like cockroaches.”

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/unhinged-antifa-leader-embraces-violence-claims-nazis-have-infiltrated-police

  21. ulvfugl says:

    And now in this “process,” we come to Idlib Province. Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) has succeeded in dominating the province. Dare I say that I insisted the province should be liberated in the weeks following the liberation of Aleppo City? Ah,well … HTS is al-Qa’ida in Syria. Do the Russians, Syrians, Turks, Jordanians and Americans (on the sidelines) really believe that HTS is going to make an agreement that it will keep? pl

    http://turcopolier.typepad.com/sic_semper_tyrannis/2017/09/httpswwwalmasdarnewscomarticleeyes-idlib-6th-meeting-syria-astana.html

    DH said in reply to Dubhaltach…
    I recall reading Wahhabism is the fastest growing religion in the world. I guess it is natural the poor would flock to it.

    Reply

    ISL said…
    Dear Colonel,

    Hard to see a permanent Al Qaeda-stan in Idlib with the Turks re-aligning with Russia – the jihadis lose their strategic depth. I suspect Turkey will issue an ultimatum – head home before we close the border or martyr yourself.

    A recent news story suggested that the Pentagon has accelerated weapons transfers to Syria. I presume to try and support a long-term guerilla war/instability. Not sure how that can work given that the jihadi’s are largely not local. I suspect bureaucratic inertia.

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-13/bombshell-report-catches-pentagon-falsifying-paperwork-weapons-transfers-linked-orga

    Reply

  22. ulvfugl says:

    Tractors were among the first commercial autonomous vehicles, and there’s a huge market for drones packed with sensors that can help farmers make more informed decisions. The problem, though, is that farming is still work for humans. There’s still dirt, early mornings, dirt, more dirt, and a lot of hard work that involves some extra dirt. All this dirty-ness makes farming an ideal target for robots, especially since farms also offer repetitive tasks in a semi-constrained environment. At Harper Adams University, they’re taking the farm autonomy idea very seriously: Seriously enough that they’ve managed to plant, tend, and harvest an acre and a half of barley using only autonomous vehicles and drones.

    During the Hands Free Hectare project, no human set foot on the field between planting and harvest—everything was done by robots. This includes:

    https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/industrial-robots/autonomous-robots-plant-tend-and-harvest-entire-crop-of-barley

  23. ulvfugl says:

  24. ulvfugl says:

    Question is, are the emails big enough to get the book thrown at hillary or is the swamp just gonna let this sink into the mud without a whisper?

    https://boards.4chan.org/pol/thread/141518683

    http://www.judicialwatch.org/document-archive/tag/huma-production-20/

  25. ulvfugl says:

    What we heard in the trial

    The jury was told sordid details of a night in Ramsgate in September last year, where a lost girl walking the streets alone had asked for directions.

    But rather than helping the victim, the men took her to a “grubby” room above 555 Pizza on Northwood Road and raped her multiple times.

    Mr Taylor added that the girl was pushed onto a mattress whilst men physically restrained her and stood by the door “so she knew there was no escape”.

    The victim was then escorted out the premises, where she was found “sobbing”, “hysterical” and “pacing up the road crying” by a woman who found her on the street.

    http://www.kentlive.news/here-s-why-the-men-who-raped-a-girl-above-a-ramsgate-takeaway-have-not-been-deported-immediately/story-30513107-detail/story.html

  26. ulvfugl says:

  27. ulvfugl says:

    In 2009, a hunter shot a polar bear and carried it by dogsled about 750 meters to the town of Ittoqqortoormiit on the eastern coast of Greenland. Typically, the town’s hunters encounter polar bears on distant sea ice a couple of hours or even days from town. They skin their catches and leave behind the heavy bones. But as climate change melts more sea ice—the bear’s preferred hunting grounds—polar bear encounters closer to human settlements are becoming more common. When this hunter arrived with an entire bear in tow, the Danish photographer Carsten Egevang was there to capture the awe-struck reactions.

    http://www.pnas.org/content/114/34/8897.full

  28. ulvfugl says:

    In a Thursday, September 14th article from The Hill titled “Antifa activists say violence is necessary“, author Katie Bo Williams discussed Antifa’s proclivity towards violence with activists in the movement as well as academics who support it. One of the people she spoke with was Mike Isaacson, who is one of the founders of Smash Racism D.C. and a professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice:

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/antifa-leader-professor-who-jokes-about-dead-cops-and-executing-students

    Like many antifa activists, Isaacson believes that the Trump administration represents a large step towards a fascist authoritarian state. This fear of “fascism” is what allows many antifa activists and academics to justify violence and domestic terrorism. In their minds, they are resisting an oppressive government and society. While we should all be diligent in resisting increased state power and those who wish to abuse it, it’s extremely important to analyze the criteria people like Isaacson use to define “fascism”.

    redmudhooch’s picture
    redmudhooch Sep 14, 2017 7:57 PM
    Isaacson, surprise surprise, anothe Bolshevik jew calling for violence against whites.

    Go ahead and call me a racist Jewish supremacists.

    Your day is coming. Most of America has you assholes figured out.

    The old tricks no longer work on the goy.

  29. Ghostwheel says:

    Here’s a photograph of a woman of the Sami tribe of northern Finland.

    No special or profound thoughts, it’s just that she’s beautiful, so why not?

  30. ulvfugl says:

    “It’s probably the worst hurricane that we’ve ever seen,” McAvoy says, although he says Wilma, in 2005, was nearly as damaging. “It’s just not a good day in Florida today,” says Lourdes Villanueva, who works with the Redlands Christian Migrant Association, which provides services for farm workers in the state. Villanueva says the storm destroyed many trailers and other houses where workers live. “The ones where the roof didn’t go, trees fell on them,” she says.

    Farmers also worry that migrant workers won’t want to come to the farms if there is no housing, and many are just rubble now after the encounter with Irma. The crop damage will affect a large part of the United States and the price paid for citrus fruits at the grocery store is likely to go up.

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/florida-farmers-say-irmas-damage-worst-theyve-ever-seen

  31. ulvfugl says:

    “How can the grandsons of the Prophet and his Companions become slaves of the Family of Saud and its fool headed tyrants?”.

    Though most international reporting is playing up the current crackdown as targeting figures that are loosely “oppositionist”, it appears the nature of the move is more nuanced. According to Middle East history professor and expert on Saudi affairs, As’ad AbuKhalil, the crackdown is primarily aimed at regime insiders and prominent voices who threaten push-back against the crown prince’s vision for Saudi foreign policy:

    Unlike what some in the media are writing on social media, this crackdown is not directed against dissidents. Many of those arrested are loyal propagandists for the Saudi regime. They are being punished not for what they say but for what they are not saying: they are being punished for not being vocal against Qatar and against the Muslim Brotherhood.

    AbuKhalil, who authored a book which examined internal Saudi regime fault lines called The Battle for Saudi Arabia: Royalty, Fundamentalism, and Global Power, provides a somewhat comical example of how regime insiders are being publicly humiliated should they not fall in line. In the below case, two pro-Saudi writers with connections to the monarchy battled it out on Tuesday:

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-09-14/unprecedented-saudi-crackdown-targets-regime-loyalists-king-prepares-abdicate

  32. ulvfugl says:

    Thanks, Ghostwheel.

    She seems to have a Scottish Tartan scarf 🙂

    As I understand it, we people of the northern regions have evolved the pale skin so that we can get enough Vitamin D, with the lower levels of sunshine.

    The major natural source of the vitamin is synthesis of cholecalciferol in the skin from cholesterol through a chemical reaction that is dependent on sun exposure (specifically UVB radiation).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin_D

  33. ulvfugl says:

    British spies, meanwhile, were made to begin providing new details about their informants via a system of “Intelligence Source Descriptors” created in response to intelligence failures in Iraq. Hungary and the Czech Republic pulled closer to the National Security Agency.

    And future Intercept backer Pierre Omidyar visited NSA headquarters for an internal conference panel on “human networking” and open-source intelligence.

    These stories and more are contained in a batch of 294 articles from SIDtoday, the internal news website of the NSA’s core Signals Intelligence Directorate. The Intercept is publishing the articles in redacted form as part of an ongoing project to release material from the files provided by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden.

    https://theintercept.com/2017/09/13/sloppy-u-s-spies-misused-covert-network-for-personal-shopping-and-other-stories-from-internal-nsa-documents/

    Its purpose was to allow “non-attribution internet access,” Speight added, meaning that intelligence analysts could surf the internet without revealing that they were coming from U.S. spy agencies. By 2005, it was used by the whole U.S. intelligence community.

    One early concern about the firewall was that it funneled all internet traffic through a single IP address, meaning that if any activity on the address was revealed to be associated with U.S. spies, a broad swath of other activity could then be attributed to other U.S. spies.

    Gladio Jamie
    September 14 2017, 10:58 p.m.
    bingo!
    the criminals running the usg always want to look like heroes by sacrificing reqular working stiffs whom they set up for a fall while these criminals fleece the country.

    cynthia – who did not sign a pledge of allegiance to israel and subordinate the US – grills rumsfeld
    where are those trillions?

    Reply

  34. ulvfugl says:

    Imran Awan secret server belonged to D-Beccerra now AG of California. Provided falsified data to the Capital Police protecting Dems during National Security Investigation.

    https://voat.co/v/pizzagate/2129824

  35. ulvfugl says:

    3 years ago this site exposed the debauched plans of labour minister Harriet Harman to dispense with the age of consent, decriminalize incest and allow sexualized photography of children. As Legal Officer for The National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL) and in collaboration with affiliate the Paedophile Information Exchange (PIE) Harman argued that, “…childhood sexual experiences, willingly engaged in, with an adult result in no identifiable damage…” Jack Dromey, Harman’s husband had been on the Executive Committee of NCCL since 1970 thus complicit with the affiliation of PIE in 1975.
    Harman also joined the Rt Hon Patricia Hewitt MP, Secretary of State for Health, who had become General Secretary for NCCL in 1974. With the information more recently and rather coyly splashed across the daily mail Harman has faced the press. Necessarily she goes to the paragon of taste and virtue the BBC were Jimmy Saville will fix the innocence of children forever. Since the Saville scandal exploded the BBC has been revealed as a hotbed of child exploitation, rape and murder.

    https://voat.co/v/pizzagate/2129695

  36. ulvfugl says:

    Very good and interesting summary….

    JT Westvold
    JT Westvold
    3 hours ago
    “The dog breed myth is just that, a myth. There are no genetic evidence to show proof of common dog/wolf ancestry. Those who think Great Danes and Chihuahuas are different are bigots!”

    “Polar bears and brown bears are the SAME! Why do people only care about polar bears? It’s because their fur looks white! #brownbearlivesmatter!”

    “Why do we categorize Equus species under three terms: horses, asses, and zebras? They’re all just horses! There’s no way to genetically determine their differences. Damn the morphological, behavioral, and chromosomal differences! They are the same!”

    This is the human race issue applied to animals in similar genetic predicaments as us. Imagine if we applied our pathetic “social construct” concept to other species in the animal kingdom. It would be madness. Humans are animals; just like any other animal we are subjected to evolutionary changes. Some scientists argue the genetic similarities between humans and chimps are close enough to group them under the same genus. Which is true considering the fact that humans and chimps are more genetically (even at the chromosomal level) similar than horses and zebras yet the latter group belongs to the same genus and not the former. So if different species in the same genus can have such drastically different genetic and morphological features, just imagine the differences there could be just between two different subspecies.
    Show less
    REPLY

  37. ulvfugl says:

  38. ulvfugl says:

    ” rel=”nofollow”>September 14, 2017

  39. ulvfugl says:

  40. ulvfugl says:

  41. ulvfugl says:

  42. ulvfugl says:

    5.7 million-year-old Fossil Footprints have been stolen from the site in Kasteli, Crete

    http://cuevadelapileta.blogspot.co.uk/2017/09/57million-year-old-fossil-footprints.html

  43. ulvfugl says:

    By studying climate changes that took place thousands of years ago, we can better understand the global climate system and predict Earth’s future climate. A multi-organization research team led by Professor HYODO Masayuki (Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University) has discovered evidence of rapid climate changes on a millennial-to-centennial scale that occurred 780 to 760 thousand years ago.

    https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.co.uk/2017/09/rapid-climate-changes-across-northern.html

  44. ulvfugl says:

    A kauri tree preserved in a New Zealand peat swamp for 30,000 years has revealed a new mechanism that may explain how temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere spiked several degrees centigrade in just a few decades during the last global ice age.

    https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.co.uk/2017/09/ancient-tree-reveals-cause-of-spike-in.html

  45. ulvfugl says:

    This August, I spent a few days in Sithonia visiting a relative on my Greek husband’s side. We got to talking about history (of course), and about the shepherds of Northern Greece, and their yearly movements across hundreds miles as they sought green pastures for their flocks. Sithonia happens to be one of three fingers that reach out into the Aegean Sea from the Northern Greek mainland. The two others are Kassandra and Athos. Athos is the land of Mount Athos, the Holy Mountain of Christian Orthodoxy, the place of many Orthodox Monasteries, and homeland of Aristotle.

    As it turns out, Kassandra and Sithonia were until quite recently, the wintering pastures of shepherds who would drive their flocks down from summer pastures in the Pindus mountains, to this temperate wintering ground, more than a hundred miles. It would take them about a month, and on their journey, they would yearly drive their flocks through Thessaloniki in a ceremonial weeklong parade each October. They did this until 1970.

    This got us thinking about human models of prehistory that assume that somehow people where confined to limited territories over thousands of years. The shepherds, and their descendants, know better.

    My Greek relative then pulled out a book and showed me how Plutarch had written about the British Isles, and that these far distant places were well known by Greeks, even by common people (certainly shepherds).

    Domesticated sheep bones appear in Greece approximately 10,000 years ago. There is no reason to assume that if shepherds were moving across hundreds of miles each year within the last hundred years, that they would not also have done so 10,000 years ago. Early Neolithic people would easily have spanned an area extending over thousands of miles in the thousand or more years in which early domestication processes occurred.

    This is why I find these discussions about the “origin” of the Neolithic, or for that matter, the “origin” of Indo-European languages, to be so utterly misguided. And looking farther back, there is no reason to think that Pleistocene hunters weren’t also highly mobile, and confined only by their ability to find shelter, food and water.

    We will never find an origin limited to a few hundred miles for these. The Neolithic did not “begin” in Anatolia any more than in the Balkans or the Taurus Zagros Mountains. Nor can the origin of “Indo-European” languages be found in a geographic area limited by a few hundred, or even a few thousand, miles. The Recent African Origin for modern humans is likely also too simplistic, for the same reason.

    http://linearpopulationmodel.blogspot.co.uk/2017/09/conversation-at-sithonia.html

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