Struck and Stricken by Stroke, Welsh Trad Music, Miscellaneous Rambling






Jigs, reels and hornpipes are a musical genre associated with Britain and Ireland generally described as a type of “folk” or “traditional” music. Scholarly interest in them followed their “discovery” in the late nineteenth century by Antiquarians, some of whom ”collected” them in the belief that they represented the remnants of an ancient expressive culture which was originally ubiquitous among Europe’s indigenous populations. This view was perpetuated throughout the twentieth century “folk revival” and persists today among both practitioners and academia. Strong traditions of these tunes in Ireland and Scotland have encouraged the frequent use of the adjective “Celtic” whereby English Morris dances, which use the same genre of tunes, have been described as manifestations of pagan rituals. The notion of the linear evolution of folk music and folk dances since primitive times is often termed “Sharpian”, after its most enthusiastic proponent Cecil Sharp.

No scholarly account exists of the actual history of dance tunes, despite the fact that in folklore studies, the cultural survival theory proposed by the original Antiquarian “ritualists” has generally been discredited. The literature on traditional music is overwhelmingly organized to present information under separate headings for each separate regional “tradition”. It also assumes that the tunes have always been predominantly transmitted aurally (or “orally”), independent of the use of any form of written musical notation. The original folk music protagonists proposed that this genre of simple, divisioned melodies was the culture of the non-commercial, musically illiterate, provincial-living “folk”, as distinct from the metropolitan elite. Later scholars have interpreted “folk” to mean “the working classes”. This assumption remains largely unchallenged and is the central premise of today’s folk arts activities and as well as academic research.

This study presents an explanation of the origin and history of the musical genre of traditional dance tunes such as jigs, reels and hornpipes, by referring to modern and historical music scripts from across Britain and Ireland, and ignoring modern political and administrative boundaries. Circumstantial evidence from both contemporary practice and historical sources is used to contextualize their original purpose. Evidence is presented to suggest that the earliest known publication of English country dances, Playford’s Dancing Master in 1651, was not, as is generally thought, a collection of village customs collected from the field, but an “aide memoire” for professional dancing masters. The dances were created for social gatherings of the privileged and influential, from which the working classes were excluded.

This culture remained unchanged for centuries. The process of dissemination of these dances and their melodies throughout Britain and Ireland was achieved over the eighteenth century through the influence of English cultural imperialism and commoditization, involving the dancing master profession, the publishing industry, the theatre, the military, and the increasing popularity of music as a parlour entertainment.

Subsequently, the dances and their melodies were adopted by rural and urban working communities. By the nineteenth century, the village fiddler was borrowing from the music scripts of former bourgeois uses. In contrast to most accounts, this history therefore proposes that this widely recognized and ubiquitous (in the folk arts) musical genre of traditional dance tunes was originally an elite culture which was adopted by the working classes, and not the other way round. Nineteenth century scholars of romanticism reinvented these dance tunes as a topic of antiquarian interest.

Since the twentieth century folk revival, this music has continued to be a social uniter and has undergone further commercial commodization. It is also an academic discipline. My proposal is that the distinctive melodic structure of these dance tunes should not be associated with any particular socio-economic class, but instead acknowledged to have been simply inherently connected with social dancing over history. Musically, the genre acts as a skeleton for continued creativity. However, some recent studies and societal preoccupations have been highly influenced by outdated and romanticized ideologies of folklore and tradition. Such beliefs can impede creative agency if applied too literally. Certain conclusions from this historical study are made with the intention that, in the future, inclusivity and encouragement in community music-making may be assured.


Jigs, Reels and Hornpipes: A History of “Traditional” Dance Tunes of Britain and Ireland Submitted By Celia Pendlebury A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Philosophy Department of Music, University of Sheffield February 2015


The harp is the only traditional instrument in Wales with an unbroken history up to the present day. It is also the instrument most often cited in Welsh literature through the ages.

The earlier harp was a small instrument – ‘telyn benglin’ (penglin = lap). It was also referred to as the ‘telyn farddol’ or bardic harp – an instrument similar to others throughout Europe. An example of this type of harp can be seen in a wood carving from the early 15th century, on the bed frame of the nobleman Sir Rhys ap Thomas of Dinefwr. The carving shows a harp player as part of a military campaign.

Twisted horse-hair was used to make the harp strings, and there are many references to the ‘telyn rawn’ (rhawn = horse-hair).  In all likelihood, metal strings were also used, as in Ireland. It is thought that the Welsh harp was rather different from the Irish equivalent: with a straighter pillar and lighter in construction. On some harps, small L-shaped wooden pegs held the strings to the soundboard, touching the strings and causing them to ‘buzz’. These pegs were called gwarchïod. Harps in Wales were usually made from wood (for the framework and pegs), animal skin (for wrapping the soundboard), bone (for making the tuning pegs), and horse-hair for the strings. According to description in poetry, a harp would typically have around 30 strings. The Welsh harp was always played on the left shoulder.

By the 14th century, the ‘telyn rawn’ or horse-hair-strung harp was losing ground to the ‘telyn ledr’ or leather-harp – a change bemoaned by the poets, as seen in a cywydd by Dafydd ap Gwilym.

We don’t really know what sort of music the early harpists would have played. The manuscript of Robert ap Huw (c.1580-1665) is the only clue, and it’s taken a long time to decipher! This manuscript is the oldest collection of music for the harp in the world today.


6. Wales’ traditional dance reels

Due to the work of enlightened individuals such as Lady Llanover in the 18th Century, a good many of Wales’ traditional dance reels (folk dance and accompanying dance tune type) have survived. Stephen Rees is one of Wales’s leading folk musicians and musicologists:

Image captionNansi Richards from Wales was known as the original ‘Queen of the Welsh Harp’

“This recording of Pibddawns y Sipsi performed by Nansi Richards, the original ‘Queen of the Welsh Harp’ conveys the ‘hwyl’ or spirit of our traditional dance music.”


Oldest tunes

A lot of Irish Trad music seems very confident and boisterous to me. By contrast, what little remains of Welsh Trad seems very delicate, shy and timid. Fairy music.




Well, my dear Lords, Ladies, Tradesmen, Peasants, Gangsters, Imposters, Saints, Sinners, Lunatics, Fanatics, Rascals, Rogues and Miscellaneous Rabble out there, what can I tell you today that might be of some interest ?

Please note, I really AM still alive. I don’t want well-meaning over-enthusiastic folks trying to cremate or bury me yet. I’ll give you a thumbs-up sign when the appropriate time for that dramatic event arrives. OK ?

There might not be much time remaining for me to harangue you all from this virtual pulpit. Because I gather that around half of those who suffer serious strokes (who are not killed outright by them) are dead within a year or so.

On the other hand, about half are NOT dead, and live longer. So I may as well operate under the presumption that I am a lucky fellow, and will survive a few more years. Who knows ? My standard ‘three score and ten’ is almost done. And, whatever happens, I’m not going to regain the exuberance of a Spring lamb or foals frolicking in a meadow.

I find it hard to get particularly distressed or pessimistic about this. I’ve had an extremely fortunate and interesting life, plus all kinds of agony and tribulation. Now I see that the end is in view. I don’t have much problem about saying ‘Thankyou’ and letting go. I’m curious to learn what, if anything, comes next for me.

But that’s my private personal business, isn’t it ? We each have to do this stuff on our own, figure it out in our own individual ways. I don’t think it’s for me to preach and tell others how they should deal with it.

There are certain esoteric techniques that are taught in some buddhist, taoist and other sects, for remaining clear and conscious during and after physical death. I’ll probably have a crack at that if I have the chance.

So, given that I may have a couple of years left, what am I going to do with the time ?

I’m pretty much addicted to this internet stuff. I’ve been involved ever since it first became available here. It’s been  thrilling ride, in many respects. Like watching the first motor cars replace horse and ox transport. So that has added a lot of stimulation to the last couple of decades.

My first computer was an Apple 8100/80, which appeared in 1994. Before the internet arrived. This technology has been at the core of my daily life ever since. It’s been fascinating to watch.

This was, as far as I know, the first time in human history that a person could reside in a remote isolated place like this, and still be connected to countless thousands of others all around the world, to have discussions and share information.

The radio and TV technological revolutions were slightly similar, but there the information flow is all one way, selected and controlled by the producers. I’ve learned so much amazing stuff via the internet that I could never have accessed by any other means. It’s been exhilarating, and I am deeply grateful for that fun and education. It’s provided me with a much broader, deeper, insight into the nature of existence than I would have got without it.

Also very grateful that I’ve connected with so many incredible cool people. I mean, I’ve lived almost all of my life in the deep countryside, sparsely populated, the selection of acquaintances has been limited, so it’s been a fantastic enriching blessing for me find the rare kindred spirits out there in cyberspace. Thank you all !

I don’t know where we are all going, whether to extinction in a decade or so, or into a long weird techno future I cannot imagine and would not like. Or something else ?

But after this latest setback with my health, speculations from me seem fairly irrelevant, because I’ve got enough problems just surviving the day and night.

I’m intending to recover. From what I gather, most stroke victims improve for the first six months, but then that’s about it, but some carry on improving for another year or 18 months.

As things are, I am rather wrecked. Right leg is dreadful, right half of upper body is somewhat effected, right half of right eye is f****d, and I have the bowel problem which started again a couple of months ago, that has returned after major abdominal surgery seventeen years ago.

Probably the worst difficulty is the internal mental stuff. I’ve had so many conversations with so many people over the last couple of weeks. My memory is seriously damaged. I’m fine at the time, but as soon as an exchange is over and the person has gone, I’ve completely forgotten everything that happened. Doctor today said I can expect that to recover and improve. We shall see.

It’s by no means all negative. A lot of this is tremendously interesting to me. I’m privileged to have survived an event that could have ended me, and to get all kinds of fascinating insights into how whatever I am functions and dysfunctions.

And of course, almost equally fascinating, the Welsh medical services, how they function, and what the staff who run them are like.

So that’s it, for the moment, folks… 🙂



This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

385 Responses to Struck and Stricken by Stroke, Welsh Trad Music, Miscellaneous Rambling

  1. ulvfugl says:

    More than half of young people in Ireland ‘would join a mass uprising against the government’
    Nearly 20,000 people were questioned as as part of European Broadcasting Union research

    It’s possible to see Ireland from the top of this mountain, it’s not faraway…

  2. ulvfugl says:

    Fifty years ago this summer, more than 100,000 young artists, musicians, activists, bohemians, and dreamers descended on San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury neighborhood.

    While many other cities around the country were dealing with serious racial upheaval, San Francisco was incubating a new social paradigm of alternative living. Participants rejected the Vietnam War, inequality, and material values, and embraced free love, psychedelics, and rock ‘n’ roll. The social phenomenon was billed as the Summer of Love.

    Me, I went to Amsterdam, where there was a sort of European version running in parallel.

  3. ulvfugl says:

    “Even if we still refuse to believe it: Parts of Germany are ruled by Islamic law! Polygamy, child marriages, Sharia judges — for far too long the German rule of law has not been enforced. Many politicians dreamed of multiculturalism…. This is not a question of folklore or foreign customs and traditions. It is a question of law and order. If the rule of law fails to establish its authority and demand respect for itself, then it can immediately declare its bankruptcy.” — Franz Solms-Laubach, parliamentary correspondent, Bild.

    German Muslims have established a self-styled biker gang — modelled on the Hells Angels — aimed at protecting fellow Muslims from the “ever-growing hatred of Islam,”

    Meanwhile, German authorities have been fighting an uphill battle against an extremely violent “rocker” gang, the “Osmanen Germania” — “Ottoman Germania” — which consists mostly of Turkish Germans and, like the “Germanys Muslims” gang, is modeled on the Hells Angels.

    The “Ottoman Germania” group, which claims to be a boxing club concerned about the welfare of young people, was founded after Hells Angels decided to allow non-Turkish migrants to join. Police say “Ottoman Germania” is an effort by former Turkish German members of the Hells Angels to protect their market share of organized crime.

    The “Ottoman Germania” group is one of the fastest-growing gangs in Germany. Within months of its founding in April 2015, the group had established dozens of chapters across the country. Today the group, which profits from prostitution, extortion and the trafficking of weapons and drugs, operates across Europe, despite repeated police raids.

    German authorities believe the “Ottoman Germania” is close to the Turkish government, which uses the group to fight Turkey’s internal political struggles in Germany. Police say the gang also cooperates with Germany’s Salafists.

    HenryKissingerBilderberg’s picture
    HenryKissingerB… Looney Aug 1, 2017 5:03 AM
    ALL acording to plan…nothing to see here, it is just a plan to turn europe into a future race of mongrel Jew-worshippers…

    check also:
    -KALERGI plan (miscegenation into low IQ brown mongrels) / also Hooton plan
    -George Soros leaks on the Merkel plan
    -ESI Merkel Plan Compassion and Control
    -Kalergi/ Charlemagne Prize BEARERS list
    -Soros professional rapefugee smuggler operation

    -Barbara divörsity™ Lerner Spectre
    “I think there is a resurgence of anti-Semitism because at this point in time Europe has not yet learned how to be multicultural. And I think we are going to be part of the throes of that transformation, which must take place. Europe is not going to be the monolithic societies they once were in the last century. Jews are going to be at the centre of that. It’s a huge transformation for Europe to make. They are now going into a multicultural mode and Jews will be resented because of our leading role. But without that leading role and without that transformation, Europe will not survive.” ~ Barbara Lerner Spectre

    “Instead of destroying European Jewry, Europe, against its own will, refined and educated this people into a future leader-nation through this artificial selection process. No wonder that this people, that escaped Ghetto-Prison, developed into a spiritual nobility of Europe. Therefore a gracious Providence provided Europe with a new race of nobility by the Grace of Spirit…
    The man of the future will be a mongrel. Today’s races and classes will gradually disappear owing to the vanishing of space, time, and prejudice. The Eurasian–Negroid race of the future, similar in its outward appearance to the Ancient Egyptians, will replace the diversity of peoples with a diversity of individuals.”Practical Idealism – by Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi

    shocktherapy’s picture
    shocktherapy HenryKissingerBilderberg Aug 1, 2017 5:18 AM
    osmanen germania

    Type that into google image search.

    Race dosent matter to them.

    Ideological war is coming.

  4. ulvfugl says:

    The footage is haunting. Five bearded men smirk as they surround a boy in the back of a pickup truck. One of them holds the boy’s head with a tight grip on his hair while another mockingly slaps his face. Then, one of them uses a knife to saw the child’s head off and holds it up in the air like a trophy. It is a scene reminiscent of the Islamic State’s snuff videos, except this wasn’t the work of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s men. The murderers were supposed to be the good guys: our allies.

    Trump pressed his most senior intelligence advisers, asking the basic question of how the CIA could have a relationship with a group that beheads a child and then uploads the video to the internet. He wasn’t satisfied with any of the responses:

    Meanwhile, it wasn’t just the US government which had aided Zenki, but as fighting in Aleppo raged it became a favored group among both the mainstream media and prominent think tank pundits. One of the UK’s major broadcasters (Channel 4) even went so far as to attempt to delete and hide its prior online content which sought to normalize the beheaders as “moderate” and heroic once news of the video got out.

    alexcojones Jul 31, 2017 7:27 PM
    Thank you. About time.

    Will await CIA’s “lone gunman” decision on Trump

    Occident Mortal’s picture
    Occident Mortal alexcojones Jul 31, 2017 7:44 PM
    US sponsored Syrian rebels have also been videoed eating human liver and bits of lung from recently deceased enemy combatants.

    This was shortly before the decision to paradrop light arms into the Syrian desert in the hope that “the right people find them first”.

    Yeah, someone needs to be prosecuted for aiding and abetting the most grotesque war crimes. The CIA just wanted to pour petrol on a civil war and prolong the suffering. So it did.

  5. ulvfugl says:

  6. ulvfugl says:

  7. ulvfugl says:

    Anna said…
    Meanwhile, a story of the greatest breach of the cybersecurity has been ignored by the MSM

    ‘”The Awan brothers had complete and direct access to information of three extremely sensitive committees: The House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Homeland Security Committee, and the House Foreign Affairs Committee.”

    “…on March 22, 2016, eight democrat members of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence issued a letter, requesting that their staffers [Awan brothers] be granted access to Top Secret Sensitive Compartmented Information (TS/SCI).”

    Reply 31 July 2017 at 02:01 PM

    Richardstevenhack said in reply to Anna…
    The Duran site has been following this for the past week or so:

    Are House Democrats being blackmailed by IT staffers, who have collected dirt on politicians?

    Related: From The Daily Caller:
    House IT Aides Fear Suspects In Hill Breach Are Blackmailing Members With Their Own Data
    House Staffers In Security Probe Allegedly Kept Stepmom In ‘Captivity’ To Access Offshore Cash

    Debbie Wasserman-Schultz’s IT specialist, accused of hacking congressional computers, busted trying to flee US

    Republicans begin asking why Debbie Wasserman-Schultz employed an IT hacker (Video)

    Debbie Wasserman Schultz’s IT specialist subscribed to pedophile-centric YouTube Channels

    [Note: I take the latter with a huge bucket of salt, as I don’t follow the alleged “Pizzagate” speculation…

    The dots between Imran Awan, Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Seth Rich begin to connect
    See my comment to that article.

    EXPOSED: IT hacker, Imran Awan, and his connections to Bill and Hillary Clinton

    Hollywood actor James Woods says Imran Awan-Wasserman Schultz scandal, “impossible to ignore”

    Includes allegations that Awan was sending money to the Muslim Brotherhood.

    To quote my comment to The Duran post:

    Given his IT experience and his connection to Wasserman Schultz it’s quite possible he had some connection to the DNC hack in another manner. While I have suggested that Ukrainian hackers were recruited by the DNC to perform a fake hack of the DNC to cover up the actual leak, perhaps this person was involved instead or in addition to others.

    Wasserman Schultz would clearly have had motivation to cover up the leak. If she has criminal hackers actually working for her, isn’t it reasonable to suspect that SHE was the one who created a fake hack of the DNC to cover up the actual leak?

    As for connections to Seth Rich, if Rich DID have something to do with the actual leak, isn’t it possible that Awan discovered this as part of his IT duties or on assignment from Schultz to find out who the leaker was? With Awan already in trouble due to his criminal activities and possibly afraid of being arrested if the connections to the leak occurred, might he have had motivation to kill Rich?

    There are a lot of questions and what-if scenarios that can be created here. We’ll have to see what falls out as time goes by.

    Reply 31 July 2017 at 08:03 PM

  8. ulvfugl says:

  9. ulvfugl says:

  10. marty says:

    Here’s to you staying around a good while longer ulvfugl.

    This Aussie gal had a death sentence and she’s still kicking. From the looks of it, better than ever.

    The Joe she is referring to is Dr. Joe Dispenza. Amazing results for me too if you recall. I recently beat tetanus with his guided meditation. He’s got scads of testimonials like this.

    Here’s a couple of his guided meditations.

    And an explanation of his methods.

  11. ulvfugl says:

  12. ulvfugl says:

    Sanctions are stupid and will backfire, as they have in 99% of all cases. The only successful case I can think of is South Africa. I’m sure that the remaining whites there are quite sorry they folded to the pressure since all signs point to an anti-white ethnic cleansing or genocide. The take-away is, no matter how bad a foreign government is, the US aims to replace it with something worse.
    Posted by: Fidelios Automata | Jul 30, 2017 9:13:14 PM | 121

    Great to see moa coverage of Venezuela and a lively debate instead of the endless obsession with Syria…hope to see moa spread out and cover other regions and topics.

    Im live in Argentina and I know the Venezuelans here, there are many thousands of them who have fled their country, and these are not elite white people, most of them are colored and many work low paying jobs that the arrogant and lazy white Argentines wont do. Venezuelans are infinitely warmer and passionate people than the gray Argentines and their customer service skills are in demand by Argentine businesses.

    Venezuela is a house divided against itself and has been for years. Both sides have real grievances.

    The poverty and malaise are permanent feature of all Latin countries but the mass media pays attention only when the white elites and small middle class lose their erstwhile position, as someone stated above in the comments. And yes the NeoCons are scheming to pull a Ukraine in Caracas, no question.

    By the way next door in Brazil the palace coup president Temer has about a 2% approval rating and has called out the army in Rio

    but you wont hear our Neocon Zio puppet fake news media complaining about that 🙂

    Posted by: Daniel Bruno | Jul 30, 2017 9:42:50 PM | 122

  13. ulvfugl says:

    Thanks, marty 🙂

    Not sure about Dr J, I have not listened to enough of his stuff. I did listen to all of the last one. There seem to be so many guys like that, with different models. Thing is, I already know far more stuff than I am able to apply.

    Reuters Suggests But Can Not Find “Iran’s new route to Yemen”

    The Trump administration is filled with people who, for whatever reason, hate Iran. These people are attempting to break the “nuclear deal” with Iran and other powers. Their propaganda accuses Iran of every “evil” in this world. Their position is fully in line with the Israeli-Saudi anti-Iran axis.

    Since the U.S., the UK and the Saudis wage war against Yemen they claim that Iran is allied with the Zaydi people of northern Yemen who, together with the Yemeni army, resist the Saudi invasion. Iran is regularly accused of smuggling weapons to them even as no evidence for this has ever been shown.

    Reuters jumps into the breach with this fantastic fake-news item: Exclusive: Iran Revolutionary Guards find new route to arm Yemen rebels:

  14. ulvfugl says:

    The presence of eye floaters is interesting for a healer in that – although not a disease by itself – it reveals sometimes an underlying pattern, such as (see above) a Liver Blood deficiency. In other words, an interesting sign that could be used in a context with other signs to orientate the healer (primarly Chinese doctor) toward an organic issue.

    There lies the greatness of associating Chi Kung Healing with Chinese Pharmacology. In my practice, I get some better results in some cases.


    I have lost the extreme right quarter of my field of view. But if I close my left eye, that right quarter becomes visible, but is full of blurry artefacts (floaters). So that quarter is being automatically excluded from my vision when both eyes are open and functioning.

    I’m trying to find any references as to what might be done about this.

  15. ulvfugl says:

  16. ulvfugl says:


    mickeydodds1 said…
    So, the Irish are ultimately – and essentially – Russians.

    I still can’t get my head around that.
    August 1, 2017 at 9:11 AM

    anonymous said…
    “So, the Irish are ultimately – and essentially – Russians.”

    And the Russians are ultimately Finno-Ugric Turkic peoples.
    August 1, 2017 at 9:24 AM

  17. ulvfugl says:

    “These repeated wet phases, called ‘Green Arabia’ events, affected much of Arabia and were driven by periodic variations in the Earth’s orbit and axis, causing the monsoons to move north into Arabia — and into the Sahara,” said Paul Breeze, a landscape archaeologist and research associate at King’s College London. “Between these times, Arabia was as arid as it is today.”

  18. ulvfugl says:

    Before you say that if Crom Cruach really meant Crom’s Stack, Crom’s Mountain, it would have had to be written Cruach Crom. This is because the Irish grammar says that when making compound words, you should always put adjectives after nouns.

    However there are lots of place names in Ireland that do not confirm to this rule. Place names such as Dubh Linn (“black pool” = Dublin) and Leixlip (“salmon leap”) for instance. These place names were attributed to the Norse settlers who learned Irish had trouble with putting adjectives after nouns, so they often put them before the noun.

    This is exactly what happens when you force the new language on subjected population. They pick up the words but keep their own grammar. But this “incorrect” use of Irish grammar is present in all old Irish texts, which shows that it predates the Norse arrival to Ireland.

    For instance Táin Bó Cúailnge, is filled with epithets like finnbennach “white-horned”, dóeltenga “beetle-tongued”, echbél “horse-lipped”, rúadruca “red-blushing”, and the like.

    Funnily enough most toponymes and hydronymes of Celtic origin in central Europe follow this “incorrect grammar” and have adjective before the noun.

    Here is an example:

    Gaelic word for “big” is Mór. (Pronounced as the English word more)
    Gaelic word for “river” is Abhainn . (Pronounced “awon” similar to the English word award). Proto celtic word is awa.

    In central Europe there are numerous rivers called Morava.
    Morava = mor + ava = Mór Abhainn = Mor Awa= big river

    Morava is the biggest river in Serbia and also in Czech republic, territories which were considered Celtic heartland. These rivers gave the name to the territory upper and lower Moravia.

    In Ireland there is a river named the Avonmore River (Irish: Abhainn Mhor, meaning “big river”) which is the same as Mor Ava just using Gaelic grammar.

    The difference in spelling systems sometimes makes it hard to compare Welsh and Irish (and other Celtic languages), words can be pronounced and sound much the same but be spelled very differently.

    Welsh ‘big river’ would be Afon Mawr, which is the same words as the Irish Abhainn Mhor but looks much different visually.

  19. ulvfugl says:

    We know from reliable ancient DNA that almost all of Europe (except Iberia) experienced an extreme shift in its population genetic makeup in a roughly one thousand year period after the first wave of farmers in Europe hit a serious slump, in the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age period. In some places, like the British Isles, the impact approximated total replacement.

    This revived farming in Europe, coincided with a dramatic rise in lactase persistence, created a new predominant pigmentation phenotype in Europe, infused lots of steppe ancestry into the gene pool, brought a couple of major clades of Y-DNA R1 from very rare to predominant in Europe, and increased the frequency of some mtDNA H clades in Europe significantly. When it had run its course, modern Europe’s gene pool was more or less in place. These events more or less coincide with the expansion of the Corded Ware culture in the East (associated with Y-DNA R1a) and with the expansion of the Bell Beaker culture in the West (associated with Y-DNA R1b).

  20. ulvfugl says:

    Ab or Aber means something like estuary, or out-flowing, in Welsh and related languages, but also seems to cover rivers and other water courses. It’s fairly common in old names in Western and Central Europe.

    But then we have the Punjab,

    which is present day India and Pakistan, and translates as the land of ‘five rivers’. And the language is very close to Welsh. Pum or Pump being five and Ab being river or estuary.

    So then the conundrum is, did people move, carrying the language and names, or did just the language travel, as American English travels around the world today, and gets taken up be all kinds of genetically distinct and culturally diverse folks.

    The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu,[4] the vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the ocean.[5] The later name of the region, Punjab, is a compound of two Persian words,[1][6] Panj (five) and āb (water), introduced to the region by the Turko-Persian conquerors[7] of India, and more formally popularised during the Mughal Empire.[8][9] Punjab thus means “The Land of Five Waters”, referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas.[10] All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Chenab being the largest.

  21. ulvfugl says:

    But it is hard to say whether this education is natural or artificial. For better understanding, I share the video with high-quality views from above, shot by Sergei Sorokin through quadrocopter:

  22. ulvfugl says:

    Sam is now serving 6 years in federal prison. Sam has lived his entire life in the Amish tradition: no electricity.
    That means no lights, no running water, no electronic sounds, no cell phones, no internet, no planes, no driving cars. He’s a farmer and lived on a farm all his life.
    He’s now in prison about 7 hours away from his family — his wife Elizabeth, their 12 children and 25 grandchildren. He is now surrounded by steel with armed guards, bells and whistles, loudspeakers, warnings, cement and little access to the sun.
    Sam has never harmed anyone. There are no victims of the 3 herbals salves he made and sold for over 20 years. He made the mistake of mislabeling one of the salves.
    The story of his persecution is practically unbelievable.

  23. ulvfugl says:

  24. ulvfugl says:

  25. ulvfugl says:

  26. ulvfugl says:

    Slack Jack Troy Ounce Aug 2, 2017 1:07 AM

    Anti-global-warming folk setting aside 17,745,000 km2 (much of it prime land) for the fish.

    For those who have difficulty conceptualizing what 17,745,000 km2 looks like, the area of Australia is 7,692,024 km2 and the area of the United States is 9,833,520 km2.

    So, why is the global rise in temperatures so worrisome?

    For one thing, as temperatures rise good farmland will become desert (e.g., dust-bowl conditions will probably return to the American Midwest).

    Another major problem is sea-level rise.

    Have a look at

    The U.S. Geological Survey people claim that;

    The Greenland ice sheet melting will raise sea-level 6.55 meters (21.5 feet),
    the West Antarctica ice sheet melting will raise sea-level 8.06 meters (26.4 feet),
    the East Antarctica ice sheet melting will raise sea-level 64.8 meters (212.6 feet),
    and all other ice melting will raise sea-level 0.91 meters (3 feet).

    For a grand total of about 80.3 meters (263.5 feet).

    So, what does an 80 meter (263 feet) rise in sea-level mean. Have a look at the following map of the world after an 80 meter rise. It means that over one billion people will have to be resettled to higher ground and that much of the most productive agricultural land will be under water. Fortunately, at current rates, the Greenland ice sheet will take over a thousand years to melt and the Antarctica ice sheet, much longer. However, the greater the temperature rise the faster the ice sheets will melt, bringing the problem much closer. Remember, the huge ice sheet that recently covered much of North America, almost completely melted in only 15,000 years (today, only the Greenland ice sheet, and some other small patches of it, remain). Since then (15,000 years ago), sea-levels have risen about 125 meters (410 feet), only 80 meters to go.

    The ice sheets have been continuously melting for thousands of years. What is left of them today, is still melting, and will continue to melt. Human caused global warning will cause this remnant to melt significantly faster. This is a big, big, problem.

    For HUGE detailed maps of the “World after the Melt” go to:

    Global temperatures are increasing. And by quite a lot each year.

    2016 is the hottest year on record for global temperatures.

    This is 0.0380 degrees centigrade hotter than the previous record year which was 2015.

    0.0380 is a large increase in just one year.

    2015 was the hottest year (at that time) for global temperatures.

    This was 0.1601 degrees hotter than the previous record year which was 2014.

    0.1601 is an absolutely huge increase in just one year (at this rate temperatures would increase by 16 degrees in a century.).

    2014 was the hottest year (at that time) for global temperatures.

    This was 0.0402 degrees hotter than the previous record year which was 2010.

    ChargingHandle’s picture
    ChargingHandle Slack Jack Aug 2, 2017 1:08 AM

    Deathrips’s picture
    Deathrips ChargingHandle Aug 2, 2017 2:08 AM
    Spend alot of time in the sierra foothills beautiful country. I have caught several of these frogs most within 50 yeards or less of free range livestock….

    Would someone tell these dumbfucks at least animals can coesist. I tried.


  27. ulvfugl says:

    As was easy to foresee, the deep state did not like this prospect of cooperation, immediately unleashing the mainstream media on Trump, because repeated meetings with Putin at the G20 were apparently suggestive of some sort of collusion, as if the leaders of two nuclear powers cannot even speak with each other.

    Obviously uncomfortable with these meetings, the sabotaging of relations between Russia and the US has taken a new turn. The previous ceasefire in Syria, reached by Kerry and Lavrov during the previous administration a year ago, was sabotaged by the US Air Force’s bombing of Syrian troops at Deir ez-Zor, which killed and injured more than a hundred Syrian soldiers. This served to favor Daesh’s assault on government positions, hinting at some sort of cooperation between Washington and the terrorists. Moscow immediately interrupted any military-to-military communication with Washington, which included the ceasefire reached between Lavrov and Kerry.

    This time the strategy seems more refined and certainly does not lend itself to military action. Following the incident in Deir ez-Zor, the bombing of the Syrian base, and the downing of the Syrian Su-22, any further US military provocation would be met with a harsh response from the Russian side, risking an escalation that even the US military does not seem willing to to risk. For this reason, it seems that an approach that relies more on legislative means than military power has been chosen.

    The Senate has overwhelmingly voted to impose new sanctions, the primary purpose of which is to deny the US President the ability to end sanctions on Russia without Moscow first demonstrating good will to resolve points of friction between the two countries.

    The areas of disagreement include the situation in Ukraine and Syria, nuclear weapons, an end to the alleged hacking of US elections, and the supposed intention of Moscow to invade the Baltic states. Obfuscation, lies and misinformation seem to be the driving force behind the Senate vote. The bill will end up on Trump’s desk, and at that point he will have to decide whether to sign it or not. If he signs it, it will obvioulsy limit his autonomy.

    With Trump’s latest move, it is difficult to know whether he directly ordered the CIA to stop funding jihadists fighting Assad in Syria, or whether it was an independent choice of the CIA connected with other plans of which we are not aware. In any case, it seems to have particularly agitated the deep state, which now sees its destabilization plans for Syria hampered, with Moscow left in full control of the Syrian state and its fate.

  28. ulvfugl says:

    [–] pby1000 [S] 1 points (+1|-0) 5 hours ago
    I imagine that Facebook would remove it very quickly. Zuckerberg seems to be in with the New World Order globalists, which are the satanic paedophiles.

    What sold me is the fact that children from different countries are telling substantially the same crazy stories-Fiona in Australia, Franklin Scandal and McMartin in the US, Hampstead in England, and the Dutroux affair in Belgium.

    permalink parent

  29. ulvfugl says:

    This is what they do to farm animals…

  30. ulvfugl says:

  31. ulvfugl says:

  32. ulvfugl says:

    There is no longer any doubt that the New York Times is nothing more than a willing cog in the establishment war machine and is happy to serve as a propaganda platform. While there are times that newspapers and electronic media outlets are unwitting dupes for propaganda, the article penned by MICHAEL R. GORDON and ERIC SCHMITT (published on 31 July 2017) is the work of willing puppets masquerading as journalists:

    Gordon and Schmitt are an embarrassment to the profession of journalism. Rather than actually report facts and place them in their proper context, they chose instead to push lies as truth and try to help shape public opinion into believing that Russia poses an imminent threat to the west.

    Anna said…
    The two presstitutes, and the NYT at large, do their job for the propagators of Wolfowitz the Trotskyist’ doctrine, according to which “Washington must conserve its advance over the rest of the world by hindering the development of all potential competitors.”
    Meyssan writes, “We therefore find ourselves faced with the equation with which we started – one one side, the outsider President of « the People’s America », and on the other, all of the Washington ruling class supported by the deep state (meaning that part of the administration charged with the continuity of the state over and above political alternances). It is apparent that this coalition is supported by the United Kingdom and Israël.”


    blowback said…
    Aaah, Michael R Gordon, the s**t who didn’t resign over the aluminium tubes story used as fake evidence to support the invasion of Iraq. And he and the NY Times have been spouting fake news ever since.
    Reply 01 August 2017 at 05:49 PM

    Cortes said in reply to blowback…
    Delightful to see the use of maskirovka in the names of the two authors of the NYT article. Anyone might think that they’re not Zionist.


    Anna said in reply to Cortes…
    Meanwhile, the MSM silence re Awan affair (the greatest national cyber-security breach) is deafening. It seems that the “deciders” made some orders for the presstitutes to not mention the well-documented (unlike “Russian hacking”) breach.


  33. ulvfugl says:

    Of special note is an operation to be carried out by the Lebanese Army in this same area, Ras Balbaak, to rid the Lebanese border region of IS jihadis. I do not know how much assistance Hezbollah will provide to their Lebanese brethren. This will be a serious test for the Lebanese Army.

    There is more going on militarily in Syria, but this is all I’ll cover this time. But just as important is the political success of the R+6. Russia, Syria and Jordan have been in negotiations for a long time to end Coalition support of jihadis along the Syrian-Jordanian border and establish a ceasefire. This has been accomplished with dramatic results. I think the presence of the 31st Guards Air Assault Brigade in this area gave pause to Amman. The Americans are part of this ceasefire, but I think they just went along with the inevitability of the developing R+6-Jordanian detente. This leaves the Israelis with a puzzlement.

    The Russian-Turkish relationship deserves a posting of its own. All I will say now is that I have a feeling Russia is in the process of taming Turkey. They can still be bit, but the domestication process is underway. Time will tell.

  34. ulvfugl says:

    Bonobos play guitar and harmonica too ?

  35. ulvfugl says:

    Germany and its close ally Austria are clearly angry but I am not at all so sure as they claim to be about the EU standing united against the US intentions. Certainly Britain is out for good but also Bankster-President Macron of France has been actively and shamelessly courting Donald Trump, with greater success than Angela Merkel, no doubt, but unclear consequences as of now.

    Actively anti-Russian regimes in the EU are also Poland, Sweden and the three small Baltic states. Norway is probably also siding with the USA and the rest is all indecision.

    Anyway, what can Germany do? Well, first of all expel all US and other “ally” bases from its territory, a legacy of a long occupation that was formally ended in the 1990s. They could also choose to exit NATO’s integrated military command, as De Gaulle (France) did in the 1950s, and they could once again demand from the USA the return of their gold reserves stored in Fort Knox (which the USA already declined to do a few years ago). But of course they’d be much more effective if they could rally the EU around them in a proper trade war against the USA, in which there is no clear winner other than China.
    The problem is that Germany’s austericidal policies have already alienated any hope of internal solidarity within the EU. Basically Merkel’s Germany has wasted its chance at leading the bloc in a way that is good for all, and not just for Germany, and now nobody will care too much if Germany suffers a bit or two.

  36. ulvfugl says:

  37. ulvfugl says:

  38. ulvfugl says:

    “…The piece on the ominous “new route” will surely make a splash but it disqualifies Reuters as a reliable source of information…”

    Reuters disqualified itself a long time ago as a reliable source of information, but has continually asserted its function of salting the MSM with baseless facts to support their next narrative. Actually, Langley’s next narrative – but why split hairs?

    Of course the shipping routes discovery is nonsense, and the “Iran supports the Houthis” narrative is getting long in the tooth and serves no real purpose anymore. I will speculate that this story supplies ‘evidence’ (as defined by Reuters) that will support one or more of the planned narratives:

    – Iranian “missile parts, launchers, drugs and cash” are being smuggled by Iranian shipping, therefore the Evil Orb coalition must start inspecting Iranian vessels in international waters to save humanity. Maybe a UN resolution ordering such inspections can be arranged so it’s all legal and such.

    – Poor Kuwait is too small to police its own waters to prevent this illegal activity. The Evil Orb Navies should take over the task. I could even imagine the Evil Orb pressuring Kuwait into making this request for itself publicly. “See? Kuwait is begging for our help. It would be immoral to ignore their plight. We need to start patrolling their waters to guard against imaginary evil Iranian smugglers.” We expect the UN to recognize this peril and endorse our actions

    – Smaller Iranian ports are the source of many illegal arms shipments. Iran is unable or unwilling to stop that activity. We’ll give the tanker ports a pass, but the Evil Orb coalition must blockade and inspect all shipping originating from these ‘smaller’ Iranian ports. There needs to be a UN resolution calling for the blockade/inspections – it’s the only logical way to save humanity.

    This has little to do with Yemen and everything to do with ramping up the provocations against Iran. Remember, Iran MUST appear to start the war. All US provocations are necessary and justified. They will have nothing to do with Iran’s eventual response. The Evil Orb coalition abhors fighting and death, but will sadly be left with no other choice. It will respond (with the utmost reluctance) by destroying/partitioning Iran. Its for the children, you see.

    Posted by: PavewayIV | Aug 2, 2017 10:55:52 AM | 36

    A short piece about the manipulation with maps that may be worth reading in this context:

    “Every map is created to illustrate what its creator wants us to see and, for purpose of accuracy, has to be utilized in a specific context. The primary role of maps is to arrange the complexity of the real world into a meaningful visual whole (no map, however, due to its nature as a two-dimensional medium, is perfect!). They can be an incredibly powerful tool for illustrating and understanding issues. They can also be a manipulative tool to make us believe that the perception of reality in a combat zone is indeed the reality.”
    “Complementary maps are included in the documents for complementary, even esthetic, rather than analytical purposes. Usually political reference maps, created by third parties and widely used and recognized, they primarily serve as ornaments in intelligence papers and frequently support established myths (see Figure 1 below). In this context, the maps are not data around which a written analytical interpretation forms the document; rather, they are page fillers because someone said a paper should contain a reference map.”

    Rest at:
    Posted by: 47 | Aug 2, 2017 11:00:22 AM | 37

    PavewayIV @36–

    “This has little to do with Yemen and everything to do with ramping up the provocations against Iran. Remember, Iran MUST appear to start the war. All US provocations are necessary and justified. They will have nothing to do with Iran’s eventual response. The Evil Orb coalition abhors fighting and death, but will sadly be left with no other choice. It will respond (with the utmost reluctance) by destroying/partitioning Iran. Its for the children, you see.”

    The bolded portion is rather similar to FDR’s justifications for dealing with Japan in the lead up to Pearl Harbor and shows just how little the provocation game has changed since 1940, which is quite instructive.

    Posted by: karlof1 | Aug 2, 2017 11:22:51 AM | 38

    karlof1@38 – …and similar to Trump’s current justifications for dealing with North Korea. Psychopaths stick with what works: false flags or provocations. Little people love simple, comic-book morality justifying their governments repeatedly perpetrating inhumanity and death on others.

    “We’re the good guys and they’re the bad guys. That’s all that matters!”

    The alternative is to take direct moral responsibility for the actions of one’s government. Why would anyone do that? There’s already an opioid crisis (there’s not nearly enough).

    Posted by: PavewayIV | Aug 2, 2017 11:47:05 AM | 39

  39. ulvfugl says:

  40. ulvfugl says:

  41. ulvfugl says:

    The UK has done everything it can to draw attention away from its role in the Yemen conflict and its intimate relationship with the Saudis. It is right to be ashamed

  42. ulvfugl says:

    By the mid-nineteenth century across Europe, the scientific and technological shifts behind the Industrial Revolution were extracting a heavy social and political price. Reports surfaced of the poverty and ill-health of town-dwellers, overcrowding, child labour and oppressive factory conditions. This ‘social question’ prompted widespread anxiety. Meanwhile, censorship, repression, the continued rule of aristocracies and the exclusion of the working classes from suffrage ignited mounting political discontent.

    Observing, analysing and synthesizing these changes was the Rhineland economist Karl Marx (1818–83). He codified concepts of labour, trade and the global market to explosive effect in Das Kapital, the first volume of which was published 150 years ago. The book’s impact on economics, politics and current affairs has been formidable, and aspects of Marx’s thinking have permeated areas of scientific research as disparate as robotics and evolutionary theory. Industrial revolutions, as Marx realized, relegate workers to the status of machine minders, and open the way to production that does not depend on human labour.

  43. ulvfugl says:

  44. ulvfugl says:

    A man in Wales has been charged with importing, supplying and exporting class A drugs as part of a National Crime Agency investigation into the supply of fentanyl.

    Fentanyl is a highly toxic synthetic opioid approximately 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine.

    As little as 0.002g is potentially fatal.

  45. ulvfugl says:

    hedgeless_horseman Aug 2, 2017 1:22 PM

    Make Afghanistan Great Again!

    Defending America?

    From whom?

    nope-1004’s picture
    nope-1004 hedgeless_horseman Aug 2, 2017 1:25 PM
    Innocent children brain washed to “fight for your country”.

    The bankers have sold this one hard. Go ahead, send your children off to give their life for a banker.

    Let’s call this horrible lie what it is.

    hedgeless_horseman’s picture
    hedgeless_horseman nope-1004 Aug 2, 2017 1:29 PM

    “There are only two things we should fight for. One is the defense of our homes, and the other is the Bill of Rights.”

    – Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler, Two-Time Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient

    Chupacabra-322 Deep In Vocal Euphoria Aug 2, 2017 1:41 PM
    @ Deep,

    What’s to shake your head at.

    Those CIA Opium profits are laundered through the TBTF Tax Payer Bailed out Banksters which help prop up their Insolvent Banks.

    Those funds are then used on Global Destabilization campaigns of Sovereign Countries by arming, funding & training Terror Organizations.

    The exact same ones they claim to protect the American People from.

    Arming, funding & training terror organizations since the days of the Mujahiadeen.

    Quite a Business Model.

    And, I haven’t even touched on the #Vault7 Tech side of the our Espionage / Blackimailing model.

Comments are closed.