Hermeneutics of Suspicion, Demiurge, Scientism, Theopoetics, Taoism







You do not have to leave the room. Remain standing at your table and listen.

Do not even listen, simply wait. Do not even wait. Be quite still and solitary.

The world will freely offer itself to you to be unmasked.

It has no choice. It will roll in ecstasy at your feet.

– Franz Kafka


On the 3rd of January 1889, Nietzsche suffered a mental collapse. Two policemen approached him after he caused a public disturbance in the streets of Turin.

What happened remains unknown, but an often-repeated tale from shortly after his death states that Nietzsche witnessed the flogging of a horse at the other end of the Piazza Carlo Alberto, ran to the horse, threw his arms up around its neck to protect it, and then collapsed to the ground.




For one reason or another, possibly merely because they have floated to the top of my long bookmarks list in an arbitrary manner or by means of some devious plot of which I am unaware, ahahaha, I visit some sites fairly frequently. Others, perhaps much more worthy and entertaining, have drifted down to the bottom where I rarely scroll, and so get neglected.  


And so thus it is that I read the thoughts of certain people, and have encountered them regularly, over a lengthy period,


I use these websites to triangulate my own position, kinda like doing the Ordnance Survey trig marks…



I do not necessarily agree with anything much that they think or say, but there they are, visible features in the virtual landscape, as points of reference, useful, to get my bearings. This is helpful to me. Because I have to say, I do travel ‘far out’, and sometimes I have not the slightest idea who I am, where I am, when I am, or anything else at all… and mostly, this does not bother me, I do not care… I am alive…


Is this good ? Bad ? Or what ? I really do not know. If I had to function in a more intimate relationship with soceity, it would be a disadvantage.


I don’t think the authors of the sites I read have common features, other than being somewhat eccentric and willful and determined to speak their own mind, regardless of how others react, I read people who appear to me to be authentic, genuine, with some compulsion to spit it out, some chip, parrot, monkey on their shoulder, that will not be still…


The Saker, he did give out his real identity, but I have forgotten, not that I care anyway, he’s some sort of unorthodox Orthodox christian, if you see what I mean, hahaha, well, I can’t help liking him, he’s a classic loon, he’s striving to follow the fundamental principles of the early church, as I understand it, which I probably don’t, and he carries a gun…. And living in Florida, well, maybe makes sense, if Jesus lived in Florida, what would he do ? I dunno. But if I was Jesus and I lived in Florida, I’d have emigrated by now, somehow, so it would not be a meaningful question. Saker must be crazy. But he stays in tune with current events, which is useful.


Niqnaq is probably even more crazy, he seems to love and hate the jews, via a sort of Stockholm syndrome he’s accumulated over many years, but I have not read him over those many years, so I have no idea how it developed into the fantastic lurid form that it now illustrates, if Lacan were alive he might explain, perhaps, or Reich, I dunno, the Lurian kabbalah has kidnapped his Jungian Anima and holds her hostage in some dank cellar somewhere, where ghastly arcane rituals are performed, as featured on Psychic TV, Mick Farren and Crowley wrestle and groan, and there’s a lot of macabre screaming and jibber in yiddish and I do not understand any of it…. It’s sort of Salvador Dali giving birth to the geopoliticus world of Salvia Divi every unfolding day, and we try to keep up….


And Vinay Gupta, the unleashed one, who startled me, with his exuberant enthusiasm for Sagan… dear me, I was also captivated at the time, but now I take a very different view, I think it was all Hollywood-style corporate media hype, to sell a grand narrative, a myth, in Mary Midgley’s sense, in Joseph Campbell’s sense, and like any other text, deserves, requires, application of Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutic of suspicion….


the ‘hermeneutics of suspicion’ is “a method of interpretation which assumes that the literal or surface-level meaning of a text is an effort to conceal the political interests which are served by the text. The purpose of interpretation is to strip off the concealment, unmasking those interests.”

They left out all the ugly dodgy stuff, they sanitized, they censored, they imposed a completely fake narrative onto the history to suit an agenda. Imo, Gupta bought it, and he’s reselling the product.


You know, a sort of quasi-teleological view of scientific progress ‘This was man’s destiny, it was written in the stars’ bullshit…. With all those close up movie shots of our hero, the handsome Carl, wide eyed with wonder… It was ALL bullshit. He became very rich and famous, he smoked pot every day, it all went to his head, he had a plan to blow up the Moon with nuclear weapons, to show to everyone on Earth how incredibly powerful the Americans and their science were, as a sort of super firework display.


Imagine what that would have done to life here, when there were no more tides. The man was totally barking. Not that it could have been accomplished, but he wanted to do it.

He had a book, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as Candle in the Dark. This is an interesting title, because it suggest how ‘religious’ that whole thing is, the religion of scientism. Because there are many similar equivalent books which make that same claim for CHRIST JESUS, who supposedly rid the world of the fear of demons, and is our spiritual candle in the dark.


We have all these damn gurus on their plinths selling this same crap, popularising the religion, or the ideology, of scientism, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Bill Nye, Dawkins, Brian Cox, etc, preaching this mythology, which it is, a story, of some sort of inevitable ‘progress’, where heroic brilliant minds lead us all forward into a better future. It is absolute bullshit. It has nothing to do with science as a methodology, for discovering information about the natural world. It is propaganda.


And this becomes very clear the moment that you challenge that religion, that ideology, because the supporters immediately lose all their reason, rationality, logic, and objectivity, and become just like all the other fanatical fundamentalists, nasty vicious and abusive. What happened to Rupert Sheldrake is a good example.


You know, they still complain about what happened to Giordano Bruno at the hands of the Catholic Church, centuries ago, but when Rupert Sheldrake, a Fellow of the Royal Soceity, points out that the so called ‘physical constants’ are not constant, and have to be constantly adjusted, they fly into a rage and want him burned at the stake. Metaphorically. Banned from TED.


Anyway I must be grateful that these people exist, as I stumble around in the Fog of Creation, mumbling and muttering to myself, and cursing when I stub my toes on invisible fragments of materiality that some Demiurge had strewn upon my path.

That Saker, Niqnaq, and Leashless will feel patronised that I explain Demiurge, because as highly educated, well read, erudite fellows, they know all this stuff already, no doubt. But for the neophytes, I have to draw them into the circle, gently initiate them.


In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmiˌɜːrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for the fashioning and maintenance of the physical universe. The term was subsequently adopted by the Gnostics. Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not necessarily the same as the creator figure in the familiar monotheistic sense, because both the demiurge itself plus the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are considered either uncreated and eternal, or the product of some other being, depending on the system.



If you care to take the trouble to read that page, you will discover that the picture it reveals is hopelessly confused and confusing.

From the time of Plato, c. 360 BC, right up until the present day, because it is easy to place Jung into that tradition, as a sort of neo-Gnostic, there were numerous philosopher-mystics who attempted to revise or reconcile the various strands of thought that they had inherited, and make some sense of what it all meant.



And, really, what we have, the legacy, is an interesting, fascinating, but hopeless, mess.

In my very humble opinion. It’s interesting, because it tells us a lot about human culture, like wandering around the galleries in a museum. But it is all obsolete, isn’t it ?

A mish mash of archaic superstition and misunderstood mythological motifs that accumulated over millennia.

This whole essay could be devoted to trying to untangle some of that cultural history, for example, the overlap between the Greek and the Hebrew/Judaic traditions, and inputs from other cultures, indeed, it could grow to a book, and scholars spend their lives specialising on such areas. I don’t have a spare life for that.


So I want to simplify, as much as I can.


The first person that I met, whom I would regard as a zen master, was a small American man, with wire rimmed glasses, who giggled and laughed all the time. That’s how I remember him. And when we pupils at the retreat sat around and asked questions, each time, it was ‘Splat !’ Kind he was not. Every one who dared to ask had their head chopped off and was left humiliated, embarrassed and trembling.


As he explained, he had been trained by the US Army, in Vietnam, to interrogate prisoners, and to do that he first broke them down, by destroying their ego, so that’s what he did to us. It was his method for teaching zen buddhism. A very savage way to be very kind. Because it was very fast and efficient. The retreat was very short, there was no spare time to be wasted.

He had decided that interrogating prisoners was not a good way to spend his life so he left the military and trained as a buddhist monk. He was extremely intense.

You are here to become Buddha. Or else, you die.


The founder of the zen school about which I know most said that if you are not kind, then you are not a zen master.


What is a zen master ? I think zen, broadly, means meditation. So it means to have mastery over all the facets and aspects of human consciousness, everything that human consciousness encounters or experiences. The complete full spectrum.


But I think that is a very great demand, and that individuals get ordained as priest without ever having attained that lofty goal, and then spend their lives working as devotees of their religious calling and maybe they learn some portion of what it is to be a zen master. Some percentage are great people and their teachings have endured over the centuries.


It has nothing, or very little, to do with being intellectual, or with scholarship. It is something different. That is very clear and agreed by all who encounter the tradition.

My impression is that the Soto traditions are quite soft and gentle. The Rinzai traditions are perhaps rather more fierce and harsh. But I don’t know what happens in the traditional Japanese schools these days first hand. It does not matter.

I think all of us, the whole of humanity, everyone who is sensitive, who cares, who worries about loved ones, we are all going to be under ever increasing stress, because the strains are not going to diminish, are they.

So, where do we turn, how do we deal with this ?


I mean, your problem, is here and now, and looking into the future, and trying to make some sense of all the incoming information. And the mechanism that you use, to filter and organise and contemplate, well, that’s based on your beliefs and cultural heritage, which is all stuff from the past, the legacy of history. Which has gone. Vanished.


What zen does, it just sits in the moment. Empty and marvellous, as they say. Free from the past and the future. So it is a kind of liberation.

You are not trying to attain some distant Enlightenment. You are not trying to abide by some set of rules that will get you into Heaven. You are just here, now, in perfection, in this immediate moment, where everything exists, just as it is. Not trying to be perfect, not trying to be anything at all.

It might be awful, ghastly, it might be a charnel ground, rotting corpses. Or it might be a wonderful Spring garden, full of blossom and butterflies.


It is whatever it is, and here you are. It is only ‘pleasant’ or ‘unpleasant’, if you pass judgement and decide it is so. And of course, you are free to do that. Nobody compels you to like what is repulsive or to dislike what is delightful, do they ?


But then, who is it, who likes and dislikes ?


What this teaching says, what it insists upon, is that you must look very closely into the matter, and observe what occurs. It’s a sort of practical philosophy, akin to practical phenomenology in the Western tradition. You watch the thought that arises and the result that follows. Sometimes, the link is so daft, you cannot help but burst out laughing.

2020 Vision Book Released, Britain - 2012...A CONDITION OF USING THESE IMAGES IS THAT IT MUST BE MENTIONED THAT '2020 VISION' IS OUT NOW PUBLISHED BY AA PUBLISHING, PRICED AT GBP 25.' IMAGES ARE OUTSIDE OF PRINT NEWPAPER SUBSCRIPTION DEALS. Mandatory Credit: Photo by Terry Whittaker/2020VISION / Rex Features (1450471on) Water vole (Arvicola amphibius / Arvicola terrestris) feeding amongst vegetation, Kent 2020 Vision Book Released, Britain - 2012 After 20 long months in the field the most ambitious nature photography project ever staged in the UK has produced a collection of stunning images that showcases the very best of Britain. As part of the 2020VISION initiative the UK's best nature photographers have captured a breathtaking library of images and other media, which tell the story of the UK's ecosystems and the vital services they provide to us all. A selection of these images have now been collected together and released in the project's flagship book. This book tells the story of 20 key British ecosystems - and the animals that live there - and the efforts being made to restore and protect them. Bringing together images taken by 20 top nature and wildlife photographers, the 272 page book, which features a foreword by TV presenter and naturalist Chris Packham, charts the progress of these initiatives. As well as boasting stunning photography, it's also packed with a host of facts, figures and stories.

Mandatory Credit: Photo by Terry Whittaker/2020VISION / Rex Features (1450471on)
Water vole (Arvicola amphibius / Arvicola terrestris) feeding amongst vegetation, Kent
2020 Vision Book Released, Britain – 2012
After 20 long months in the field the most ambitious nature photography project ever staged in the UK has produced a collection of stunning images that showcases the very best of Britain. As part of the 2020VISION initiative the UK’s best nature photographers have captured a breathtaking library of images and other media, which tell the story of the UK’s ecosystems and the vital services they provide to us all. A selection of these images have now been collected together and released in the project’s flagship book. This book tells the story of 20 key British ecosystems – and the animals that live there – and the efforts being made to restore and protect them. Bringing together images taken by 20 top nature and wildlife photographers, the 272 page book, which features a foreword by TV presenter and naturalist Chris Packham, charts the progress of these initiatives. As well as boasting stunning photography, it’s also packed with a host of facts, figures and stories.

This zen attitude or teaching is not the same thing as classical buddhism, is it. Classical buddhism, as a religion, a cultural artefact, spread across many countries, with temples and institutions, and all kinds of complex ceremonial affairs, is often the very opposite of the austere simplicity that zen seeks. Part of that, I believe, is the influence of taoism upon zen. Zen is Hindu buddhism filtered through Chinese taoism. Imo.



Tao or Dao is a Chinese complex word which cannot specifically be fully explained except it signifies ‘way’, ‘path’, ‘route’, or sometimes known as a ‘principle’ laid down by Heaven to assist mankind back onto the righteous path. Within the context of traditional Chinese philosophy and religion, The Tao is the intuitive knowing of “life” that of which cannot be grasped full-heartedly as just a concept but known nonetheless through actual living experience of one’s everyday being.

Cosmologically, Tao signifies the primordial essence or fundamental nature of the Universe.


It is not easy for Europeans to get to understand what is meant by Tao. Here’s a glimpse of what you are up against, 175+ different translations of the opening of the Tao Te Ching to compare.



You can see the struggle illustrated here, on the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on T/Daoism.

So what is Laozi denying when he is made to say “names that can be named are not constant names?” The skepticism here can be read in two ways. One is there is no correct way to use a name so contrary to Mohism, no standard is “nature’s” constant standard of choice of a dao. The other reading is interpretive—no pattern of correct past use (no social practice) uniquely determines what concrete behavior counts as correct here-now (or in the future). So, as Mozi had argued, tradition cannot determine what is the correct dao, but, the Laozi seems to add, that is so even presupposing a tradition. There is no constant (correct) way to interpret that practice/dao into action.

The negative result may be read in several ways.

  • It may be pure nihilism—there is no such thing as correct dao.
  • It may be skepticism—correct dao can never be known;
  • Or as anti-language—correct dao cannot be put in words or conveyed as guidance to another.

The article attempts to use the Western left brain logical rational intellectual philosophical tradition to analyse something for which that tradition is entirely unsuited and incapable of addressing, and the result is a hopeless and meaningless hodgepodge of nonsense.

So why has this happened ?

It’s because of the tragic and disastrous division that followed from Descartes.

The Cartesian dualism, so called, that split mind and body, and divided the person, the observer, from the world, the observed. It can’t be denied that some success followed, the rise of Western empirical science. But we know, from the very science, that the division was mistaken and nonsensical.

The thinking of thoughts changes the thinker, they effect the DNA, they change the metabolism of the body, they are not some separate disembodied process, the physical material structure of what you are is altered by what you think. The example Mary Midgley gives, is the enlarged hippocampus of London taxi drivers who have to learn ‘the knowledge’, that is, internalise a map of all the roads and streets. There are many other examples.

And the whole body-mind being is not separate from ‘the world’, the gases of the atmosphere enter the lungs, the blood, and reach every single cell. None of us exist as isolated ‘things’, we are all products of the Mother Earth, made from chemicals created in stars, descended from generations of earlier beings which accumulated knowledge which is embedded within us, in forms which we do not normally consciously access.

But something, somehow, some force, which the doctors and scientists cannot explain, keeps homeostasis going, so that we do not disintegrate, the vital systems remain more or less coordinated.


There are divisions in nature which make some sense, like the division we make between the ocean and the sky and the land, and the more precise divisions scientists make between degrees of temperature or the angles of gradient, and so forth. But the Cartesian divisions were philosophical and political, they were made to cater for the social circumstances of the time, as much as anything, because of the enormous tensions that had arisen between the secularists and the Church. And we got stuck with that nonsense ever since.

Cariani (Venetian, 1485/1490 - 1547 or after ), Portrait of a Venetian Gentleman, c. 1510/1515, oil on canvas, Samuel H. Kress Collection 1939.1.258

Cariani (Venetian, 1485/1490 – 1547 or after ), Portrait of a Venetian Gentleman, c. 1510/1515, oil on canvas, Samuel H. Kress Collection 1939.1.258

You see a glimpse of the historical debate here



The proto-scientists, the materialists, the atheists, were determined, one way or another, to get God, (or the corrupted versions of the God concept that prevailed) and ideas of ‘the supernatural’, of the divine, of any kind of spiritual aspects, out of the culture, out of the dominant public discourse. They saw all of that as ‘primitive superstition’.


This struggle is illustrated in, for example, the thinking of Auguste Comte, as it developed, following the French Revolution. He can be considered as the founder of sociology and perhaps the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term.

The main focus of the Plan was how to reorganise the spiritual power in order to complete the historic mission begun by the French Revolution. One striking aspect of this work is that Comte’s anti- democratic tendencies come to the fore more clearly than ever, indicating the trajectory his thought was taking. He contended that sovereignty of the people would put power in the hands of those unfit to rule both morally and intellectually, “replacing the arbitrariness of kings by the arbitrariness of people, or rather, by that of individuals.” What was needed was a new “organic doctrine” that would be supported by all, kings and ordinary people alike. Rather than limiting the power of the state to protect people from arbitrary authority, Comte now argued that the government should be made the “head of society,” uniting people and focusing everyone’s activities on common goals. He was also highly critical of the notion of freedom of conscience: “there is no liberty of conscience in astronomy, physics, chemistry, physiology, in the sense that everyone would find it absurd not to believe with confidence in the principles established in these sciences by competent men.” Thus even the right to question science on the basis of one’s own rationality that Comte had retained to some degree in the First Opuscule seems to have gone out of the window. In a similar vein, he argued that only an educated elite should be entitled to freedom more generally:

  • “Liberty … in a reasonable proportion is … useful to … people who have attained a certain degree of instruction and have acquired some habits of foresight … [but] is very harmful to those who have not fulfilled these two conditions and have the indispensable need, for themselves as much as for others, to be kept in tutelage.”

With his newly discovered law of three stages, Comte was convinced that politics could now be raised to “the rank of the sciences of observation.” This would enable the scientists to create the spiritual doctrine needed to replace religion. These scientists would be generalists trained in all of the sciences – this idea, first proposed in the Plan, was to become a key theme in his later work. Political science, based on a historical understanding of the past (and future) would ultimately provide a blueprint, or at least some clear ideas, for what a new society would look like. It would provide a guide for practical action and would make it possible to maximise useful activity by directing society towards humanity’s “natural” tendency to modify nature to suit its needs.


That entry gives some impression of the turmoil of ideas that prevailed at the time.


We have had at least two centuries (in Britain) of fairly intensive propaganda and campaigning by the materialist rationalist capitalist lobby, to insist that their world view, their belief system, their meta narrative, is the correct and superior one and that all others are to be dismissed and denigrated.

Nothing that is taught in this culture is neutral, it is all weighted by political and ideological leanings, consciously or not, and this must also apply to what is not taught, everything that is omitted, the absences of certain material. You do not know, what you do not know, do you.

Here’s an example where someone found out that what he had been taught was not necessarily correct. The eminent professor of archaeology at Queen’s University, Belfast, J. P. Mallory. recently wrote a book, In Search of the Irish Dreamtime, which has been reviewed.

The reviewer states ‘When I was at school the scheme of a first colonisation by Cesair, granddaughter of Noah, and her companions, who all drowned in the flood, followed by successive invasions of Nemedians, Partholonians, Formorians, Fir Bolg, Tuatha Dé Danann and Milesians, was still fairly seriously taught.’


You know, rival accounts of the past. This is a common familiar occurrence. The past is a contested landscape, a battleground. As is the future.


We get taught these narratives which give us context for our lives, give us meaning, make some sense of what we experience. But when there are choices of stories that conflict, stories that are mutually exclusive, like say the Genesis version of Creation, versus the Big Bang, or some of the others, then how do choose ?


bird line

The children of the Enlightenment will say that we have to use reason, rationality, and logic, the tools of science.

However, as those who clamour for the virtues of reason, rationality and logic, almost invariably fail to understand, reason depends upon the context that contains it.

As the brilliant Ian Welsh recently pointed out, within, for example, a certain extreme Christian context, it makes perfect logical sense to burn someone to death, if by doing so, under your sincerely held beliefs, you are saving their soul from eternal damnation. This is the problem we have. All of our rational belief systems are nested within their larger contexts, like Godel’s sets, they are consistent within the brackets, but from outside the brackets, they cannot be shown to be true and correct.


See, when someone from the Western, Cartesian philosophical tradition tries to approach the opening of the Tao te Ching, as in the example above, and uses Res Mensa, the analytical logical mind, this is what you get

  • It may be pure nihilism—there is no such thing as correct dao.
  • It may be skepticism—correct dao can never be known;
  • Or as anti-language—correct dao cannot be put in words or conveyed as guidance to another.

The trouble is, that the Taoists never made the Cartesian division. So their teachings are not amenable to that kind of intellectual mental analysis. To try and understand Taoism using rational logical propositions, of the sort that Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein attempted in their Principia Mathematica, is a fool’s errand, it’s like trying to describe the taste and effects of food, but without actually eating any food, it simply cannot be done. Because Taoism is a teaching that involves the whole body, the whole being, it’s not a teaching about ideas, or mental constructs.

For example, here is a monk, he is not a taoist, but the same principles apply, this is how you learn about Tao, these kinds of techniques, not by analytical logic.


It does not follow that Western intellectual philosophy cannot or could not have interesting things to say about Taoism and Zen, there could be a glorious discussion, but first Western philosophy would have to understand what the impediments are, and at the moment, most of Western academic philosophy is moribund, clueless about Eastern traditions, what gets taught is just the same old crap, that will keep a tenured teacher safely in his or her job until pension time, there are a few radicals who are so far out on limbs, nobody can understand anything they say, it might mean something, or not.


As I understand it, to follow Taoism, really means that you have to follow your own personal tao, and that means that you practise some sort of actual embodied form of activity, whereby you demonstrate ‘the truth’ as it were, of the knowledge, the insight, that your devotion has given you. So this could be almost any of the jobs that humans do to have a livelihood, but probably it’s much easier if there is some physical or creative aspect. In the sense that if a person is a potter, like Bernard Leach, and makes a perfect pot, then everyone can be witness to the mastery.


4 (5)

Japanese, Koreans, Chinese, have thought about these matters in great depth, probably far more than I know about, because there are untranslated texts. There is the idea of the ephemeral masterpiece, that only exists for a brief time. The perfect action. There is the idea of the bonsai tree, which relies on many generations to keep it perfect.

This is such a big subject, I don’t want to address it. What could not be a way ? Well, something that you did for money, as the sole motive, would not. I think ‘a way’, means ‘cultivating your inner being, whilst tending the world’, something like that. You have to find your calling, your vocation, some sort of activity that sparks you to respond. It might be to be a soldier, or to keep some sort of animals, or to garden, or to make things, or to entertain people, there is such immense diversity to human activity.


If there is no possibility of practical or physical expression, what could you do ? I don’t know. Maybe, for Western people, theopoetics, at least it seems to be open and unconstrained…


But money ? Well, first learn what money is, and why the liars and fraudsters have mislead us all about what it really is. If you really understand everything about money and you think it is really interesting and worth accumulating, more interesting than other pursuits… well, do that, I suppose. I’d rather be fetching ancient shipwrecks from the sea bed, or finding lost cities in the desert, or sitting here on this mountain, thinking about nothing…. Nothing… more nothing… nothing…



This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

316 Responses to Hermeneutics of Suspicion, Demiurge, Scientism, Theopoetics, Taoism

  1. ulvfugl says:

    MRW said in reply to Kyle Pearson…

    I agree. It’s like David Irving’s site. People will dismiss info out of hand because it’s published by David Irving on his website, based solely on the court case mounted by Deborah Lipstadt and the Israel Lobby to discredit his work, a court case Irving lost that branded him unfairly as anti-semitic and a denier. But he was/is a meticulous historian. His revelations about Churchill during WWII via private contemporaneous diaries, official journals, records, and employee logs is a remarkable tour de force. There are youtubies where he described what he uncovered in his research into Churchill. His three-inch book on Churchill reads like a thriller.

    His research into Hitler by contacting either the original person or surviving spouse, and obtaining original diaries and other official documents no one else had ever asked for is another revelation. Irving learned German to penetrate the trail of truth that no one had bothered to follow. A much maligned man, imo.

    Reply 10 May 2016 at 02:50 AM


  2. ulvfugl says:

    That’s another bookmark I often check, I didn’t mention.

    Funny how I have developed a respect and affection for that fellow, whose stance on most issues is nothing like mine, but imo he comes across as a very genuine cantankerous honest human being, does not care what anyone thinks of him, is very pissed off and has trouble restraining his temper. I shall miss him if he stops, I also feel like stopping sometimes, and question why I spend time doing this.

    turcopolier said…


    I haven’t made a decision yet. I will think about it until the end of the month. I have been to the edge before pl

    Reply 10 May 2016 at 07:34 AM

  3. ulvfugl says:

    For the past decade, nearly 4,100 endangered sea turtles — over one every day — have been sucked into the St. Lucie Nuclear Power Plant on Hutchinson Island, near Port St. Lucie, Florida. Nearly one-tenth of the marine animals are injured or killed.


    This is our catastrophe in a nutshell.

    The technosphere – that is, all the artificial manmade systems and devices that we have created, more or less a synonym for industrial civilisation, cities plus agriculture – devours and destroys the biosphere.

    The biosphere being the natural world that existed prior to noticeable human impacts, the ‘thing’ that has existed for the past several billion years, which produced us.

    Humans – other than a tiny insignificant minority – do not understand this, They do not understand that the technosphere is destroying the biosphere, and that the biosphere is collapsing and this means a mass extinction event.

    Most humans want the technosphere. They do not understand or realise that the technosphere is not self-sustaining, it cannot maintain itself, it only exists by eating up and polluting the biosphere. When the biosphere collapses, that is also the end of the technosphere.

    The biosphere was a self-sustaining system, which had achieved an equilibrium, where there was a measure of stability, so that when perturbations occurred, life could compensate.

    I think – this is my speculation, looking at the geological history, and the small amount of work that has been done – nobody seems very interested – that all life forms are connected, via information.

    Information needs to be defined here in a rigorous sense, which I cannot do in a short comment. But the entire system keeps itself viable, by distributed information, so that life clings on. To the rather hostile lump of rock hurtling through Space.

    Humans are ignoring this system in an utterly reckless fashion, and we are in the mass extinction event which cannot be reversed, the forces involved are way beyond anything we can control, even if we understood them well enough to know how to foresee the results.

    This process is just going to run its course. We will have to watch as the wonderful Earth we inherited a few thousand years ago gets turned into something resembling Mars.

    People will shriek in horror and despair, that is understandable. But I do not see any means of changing this trajectory that we are on.

  4. ulvfugl says:

    May 11, 2016 at 10:12 am
    Yeah, its amazing how the Flying Tigers have been whitewashed – the US was effectively at war with Japan on China’s side for years before Pearl Harbour. The Chinese army was to a certain extent led by senior US officers prior to Pearl Harbour. From the Japanese perspective, they were already at war with the US, they were fighting US airmen and soldiers in China, everyone knew that it was just a diplomatic cover to suggest they didn’t have official approval. Not that this justifies Japanese militarism and Pearl Harbour, but I find it quite disturbing how many reputable historians will just gloss over these facts.


    My bold, for those who did not know this, and also, the US knew that Pearl Harbour was going to happen, could have warned their ships, but let them be sunk and the sailors be killed, because they needed ‘an event’ to persuade the American public to get into the war. Of course, the brainwashed American public still do not know any of this, they are locked into their propaganda bubble of rubbish and lies by their MSM and the CIA Mockingbird Zionist machinery


  5. ulvfugl says:

    Such sweet people…

    While the collapse in oil trading has been the primary reason for this cash crunch, another reason is that the territory held by the organization has been drastically reduced as a result of recent military losses. According to IHS the IS group had lost about 22 percent of its territory in the past 15 months and now ruled over six million instead of nine million people.

    This led to several media reports that in order to boost cash, ISIS was killing its wounded fighters and selling their organs in the black market.

    More troubling for the militant state, however, was the tide of war turning against ISIS. This, together with the increasingly bleak long-term “career prospects” for the ISIS faithful, has led to a spike in fighter defections which forced Islamic State authorities to take prompt measures to address the fallout and send an even stronger message to any future potential defectors.

    One month ago, it did so in dramatic fashion by killing 45 of battlefield defectors in a gruesome way: by freezing them to death. According Iraqi media agency Al Sumaria News, the 45 defectors attempted to flee the battlefield during recent fights in Iraq. They accused deserters were executed by being locked in morgue freezers in Mosul for 24 hours, left for a slow, presumably agonizing death. Their bodies were reportedly then stretched out along the sides of the road at city entrances to act as a warning to any other fighter who might have second thoughts.

    In retrospect this attempt to “build morale” appears to have failed, and defections have – predictably – accelerated. So to send an even stronger message, the Islamic State has reportedly buried alive dozens of its own militants, after the jihadists refused to fight and fled the battlefield in the face of the Iraqi government’s push to retake ground in northern province of Nineveh controlled by ISIS since 2014.


  6. ulvfugl says:

    The evidence is presented in a new documentary film by veteran UFO researcher Robert Hastings, whose previous work has involved reports of UFO sightings related to nuclear facilities around the world. Hastings managed to locate the radar operators that claimed to have observed an object on their radars which coincided with the testimony given by Charles Halt and others on the ground, who observed an unusual aircraft in Rendlesham Forest.

    According to Jim Carey, one of the two operators in question:

    “I was just sitting there and I happened to see a dot come on the scope, and it just went one dot in the beginning, and another dot, another dot, and it was gone. All of a sudden, here it come back across again. It went one, two and then an immediate right hand turn and came right towards the base. I just said that can’t be one of ours. No jet at that speed can make an immediate right hand turn. Just absolutely phenomenal.”

    Ike Barker, another radar operator who says he tracked the object, supplied the following similar information:

    “When the sweep would hit the target, you would have the entire back of it would be like a solid line. Traveling at an extremely high rate of speed, it passed over the control tower and then it stopped. I’ve never seen anything in my life like the maneuverability that happened with this object…. There were lights around the center of it, but it wasn’t like running lights or navigational lights. It was more like portholes, and you were seeing the light from the inside coming out. It wasn’t flashing lights or anything. It hovered momentarily, reversed its course, and went back out at a high rate of speed.”


  7. ulvfugl says:

    Japanese diver tends an underwater shinto shrine for 25 years and makes friends with a local fish

  8. ulvfugl says:

    I talked to a university professor, and I talked to a wanderer with a professed interest in shamanism. I learned about holotropic breathing, which purportedly offers the benefits of a psychedelic experience without the risk of a criminal record. I closed my eyes and put my face up to a Dreamachine — a device that involves a perforated metal cylinder spinning around a single red lightbulb. A swirl of colors dances through your eyelids, just like a clichéd artist’s interpretation of an acid trip. I lay on a yoga mat in a room filled with an ambient new-agey soundtrack, and a woman came by and played the didgeridoo right through my body, the vibrations penetrating to the floor.

    The group that gathered was diverse, but they also had something in common. They all were hurting, or had been hurting, or knew someone who is hurting. They had heard that psychedelic substances could ease suffering, acting not just as a palliative but in some cases a cure, ending the need for further treatment. Some had experienced this firsthand, and learned that these drugs could act not only to treat illness but to allow for personal and interpersonal growth. And so they came and paid their $70, to meet others like them and to contribute something to the healing of another.

    Before the end of the night, the event had raised $5,700, enough to pay for a full course of treatment for 23 participants in the clinical trials. That’s new hope for 23 people suffering from PTSD who have found no hope in existing treatment options. It’s not enlightenment and it’s not access to a higher plane, but it’s definitely something.


  9. ulvfugl says:

    A doctoral student at the University of Pennsylvania has identified a new species of fossil dog. The specimen, found in Maryland, would have roamed the coast of eastern North America approximately 12 million years ago, at a time when massive sharks like megalodon swam in the oceans.


  10. ulvfugl says:


    These wonderful old pictures were shot in Wales at the end of the 19th century.
    The fascinating “photochrom” pictures are part of a set held at the US Library of Congress in Washington and date from between 1890 and 1900.


  11. ulvfugl says:

    With the commercialization of the occult, mass mediated audiences are attuned to the watered down Hermeticism of the Positive Thinking movement, the safe paths of Wiccan initiation, or studies of Alchemy and ritual magic obscured by transpersonal psychology and Jungian interpretation. Considering any of these areas as truly potent political techniques is a bit absurd, even Jung’s model of archetype and collective unconscious is better seen as prescriptive, rather than actionable, examination of traditional thought.

    None of these examples have much to do with traditional practice beyond using it as a source to bolster contemporary thought. The Royal Art, the Art which leads to the formation of the hero, is so-called because it is the province of gods and those that embody or go beyond them, it is a rare Art, and its methodology is not easily found in paperback reprints.


    “Sight and hearing are only secondary gateways through which the “hunter of souls” (animarum venator), the magician, can introduce “chains” and lures (De vinculis in genere, III, p. 669). The main entrance (porta et praecipuus aditus) for all magic processes is phantasy (De Magia, III, p. 452), the only gateway (sola porta) for internal mental states and the “chain of chains” (vinculum vinculorum) (ibid, p. 453). The power of the imaginary is increased by intervention of the cogitative faculty: that is the thing that is capable of subjugating the soul (ibid.). Therefore the “chain has to pass through phantasy, for “there is nothing in the intellect that was not previously perceived by the senses (quod prius non fuerit in sensu), and there is nothing which, coming from the senses, can reach the intellect without the intermediary of phantasy”
    – Giordano Bruno, trans. Ioan Couliano – De Magia, XLIII, vol. III, p. 48

    If one doubts the practical expediency of traditional magic philosophy, reports have it that Giordano Bruno’s treatise De vinculis en genre has at times been included in the curriculum of the London School of Economics. Couliano, in his examination of Bruno’s legacy, considers Bruno’s writings on the subject to be more effective as a framework for political machinations than the popular works of Machiavelli.

  12. ulvfugl says:

    Such cool names those guys used to have, I mean, Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye, Ketill Flatnose, Ivar the Boneless….

    The descendants of Ketill were some of the earliest settlers on Iceland, including his second daughter Aud the Deep-Minded, who married the sea-king Olaf the White. After his death, one version of events is that Aud returned to the Hebrides with their son Thorstein the Red, who later launched an unsuccessful attempt to conquer Scotland.


  13. ulvfugl says:

    Although the Himalayan wolf is visibly distinct from its European cousin, its current distribution has mostly been a matter of assumption, rather than evident truth. The most ancient wolf lineage, known to science, has been listed as Critically Endangered in the National Red List.

    Now, an international research team, led by Madhu Chetri, graduate student at the Hedmark University of Applied Sciences, Norway, report the wolf from Nepal’s largest protected area, thus confirming its existence in the country. Their findings are published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

    When compared to the European wolf, this one stands out with its smaller size, unusually longer muzzle and stumpy legs. Another clearly distinctive feature is the white colouration around the throat, chest, belly and inner part of the limbs. On the other hand, its characteristic woolly body fur has given the subspecies the common name ‘woolly wolf’.

    However, the distinctiveness of the Himalayan wolf is far more than skin-deep. The authors note that recent studies have already revealed that these wolves have split as a separate branch within the ‘tree of life’ so long ago that they are divergent from the whole globally distributed wolf-dog clade. Having undergone such an isolated evolution, the Himalayan wolf is considered of particular conservation concern.

    Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2016/04/critically-endangered-and-ancient.html#Khel6LiK7HQSJitg.99

  14. ulvfugl says:

    The tree calendar may be my biggest personal pet peeve to come from the White Goddess because it is constantly and ubiquitously spread around as ancient and druidic when it is neither. I highly recommend Peter Berresford Ellis’s article ‘The Fabrication of Celtic Astrology’ and Michel-Gerald Boutet’s ‘Celtic Astrology; A Modern Hoax’ for in-depth debunking of the tree calendar and related Celtic astrology, but the short version is that Graves made it up.

    We have no surviving information on the exact calendar used by the pagan Irish, but we can be certain it wasn’t based on the Ogham because we do have a great deal of surviving Ogham material, none of which references calendar use. Also looking at the 13 month calendar created by Graves we can see several red flags. He begins his calendar not in November around Samhain (the beginning of the new year and shift to winter) or aligned with the moon phases, but rather on December 23 to line up with the winter solstice and the birth of a sun god – except the Irish have no deity born on that date as far as I know, and most explicitly solar deities in Ireland are female (the word for sun is female as well).

    Also in order to make the calendar work Graves had to cut the letters down from 20 to 13, which he did by ignoring the work of some of the premiere Ogham scholars of the day, including his own grandfather Charles Graves who was president of the Royal Irish Academy, and relying instead on the work of a highly controversial and criticized fringe scholar of the time (Ellis, 1997). He also focuses exclusively on the Tree Ogham, despite the fact that this was only one of many types of Ogham in use, and was no more or less significant or likely to be used for any purpose than any other Ogham. Basically he took what suited him of the available information and just ignored everything else to form what he wanted. It is certainly a workable modern system and many people today like it, but it did not exist before Graves created it.

    Now on to the Druidic Gods Graves claimed – Druantia and Hu Gadarn. To start with Druantia, the Goddess that Graves suggested Druids worshiped: simply put she never existed at all historically. The name seems to be based on the same root as the word Druid, one might assume meaning oak.

    However there is no evidence of this Goddess anywhere prior to Graves book. Hu Gadarn, his universal Druidic God is a real mythic figure at least, but not a God of the Druids, rather Hu comes to us via Iolo Morgannwg’s (aka Edward Williams’) highly controversial and forged Myvyrian Archaiology, although Iolo didn’t make him up either (Jones, 2009). Hu has a really complex history, coming from a French tale to Wales, possibly as an older reflex of an original Celtic story, but ultimately we can say very little with certainty about Hu except that he seemed to be associated with plowing (Jones, 2009).

    He certainly wasn’t the Welsh horned God or Druidic deity that Graves imagination painted him to be. Both of these figures have found a solid place in modern neopaganism appearing now in books and websites on Celtic paganism and referenced as if they were in fact truly ancient. I will never criticize people who feel a genuine connection to any deity and if you honor either of these beings and find them present and receptive, good. I can only lay out the actual history of each of them as we have it.


  15. ulvfugl says:

    I’m never going to read this book, but somebody liked it..

    I read this like reading graffiti on a wall….


    I happened to make the mistake of finishing this story while in public, at a restaurant. I could barely breathe. I could barely move. It was all I could do to hold back tears. I was in stunned silence, staring awkwardly into the distance, for long enough that the normal people around me started to sense something was going on, and just couldn’t manage to decide if what was happening was dangerous or not.

    My first reading by Catherynne Valente and I was not at all prepared for what I was about to experience.

    I noticed the rhythm of Catherynne Valente’s prose early on as I found myself highlighting the last sentence of every paragraph. Until about 1/3 of the way through the story I was only, merely sure this was a good story very well written. Every paragraph ends in a fatal shot without fail.

    (view spoiler)

    Then the steady hammer back and deadly shot of each paragraph begins to transcend itself. I found myself increasing my frequency of highlights. By the last chapters I realized I was highlighting just about damn near every sentence. I highlighted the entire last chapter, sentence by sentence.

    The illustrations in this work, although I viewed them in a greyscale ebook, were well placed, relevant to the story, and beautiful art in and of themselves. The first one took me by surprise. The second was astonishing. The others snuck up on me as well, so they should each feel they have also accomplished something.

    Six-Gun Snow White is the kind of folk tale, fairy tale re-telling that should cause other more wicked writers to renounce the power of human language for shame, crawl under a mountain, and become forgotten lumps of coal without names. Read it, or go join the other lumps of coal under a mountain where you belong.

    Humanity does not deserve Catherynne Valente’s Six-Gun Snow White. But, maybe, just maybe, do you? It will only cost you your heart.


  16. ulvfugl says:

    ‘They slept underground’: RT explores covert ISIS fortifications in liberated Syrian town (VIDEO)


  17. ulvfugl says:

    After some tinkering by the research team, Jill found her groove and soon was answering questions with 97 percent certainty. When she did, the human TAs would upload her responses to the students. By the end of March, Jill didn’t need any assistance: She wrote the class directly if she was 97 percent positive her answer was correct.

    The students, who were studying artificial intelligence, were unknowingly interacting with it. Goel didn’t inform them about Jill’s true identity until April 26. The student response was uniformly positive. One admitted her mind was blown. Another asked if Jill could “come out and play.” Since then some students have organized a KBAI alumni forum to learn about new developments with Jill after the class ends, and another group of students has launched an open source project to replicate her.

    Back in February, student Tyson Bailey began to wonder if Jill was a computer and posted his suspicions on Piazza.

    “We were taking an AI course, so I had to imagine that it was possible there might be an AI lurking around,” said Bailey, who lives in Albuquerque, New Mexico. “Then again, I asked Dr. Goel if he was a computer in one of my first email interactions with him. I think it’s a great idea and hope that they continue to improve it.”

    Jill ended the semester able to answer many routine questions asked. She’ll return — with a different name — next semester. The goal is to have the virtual teaching assistant answer 40 percent of all questions by the end of year.


  18. ulvfugl says:

  19. ulvfugl says:

    I’m not a person in a position of power. I’m not a journalist. I’m not rich. I’m a random trans woman who saw abuse that disturbed her, and spoke up anonymously on twitter, and made for a vulnerable target. Now I find myself in the sights of the very same people I would have called my compatriots, many years ago, in a home as broken as the places I escaped to. Ironic? Probably. Justice?
    I have to hope this is not what justice looks like, for all our sakes. For the sakes of those who may one day awake and appreciate the full scale of what they’ve perpetuated. For the good people who need a way out.
    I am okay, for now, but would not be holding up were it not for the faith and support of unambiguously good people. I sincerely want those caught up in soldiering for this campaign get the same chances I got to escape that dark place. I don’t doubt that a good number of them are coming from a similar place, and I have compassion for people who are lashing out in pain. I hope to see them on the other side, someday, away from the place I used to be.
    The place I would have still called home, but for grace.


  20. ulvfugl says:

    Many people do not understand that the pope really does not have unlimited authority. The dogma concerning papal infallibility is a 19th Century accretion and is only applicable when the pope speaks “ex cathedra” on matters of faith and morals, something that rarely occurs for the simple reason that to take that hard edged a position risks defections and schism.

    This would be a first step. If the creation of women deacons were accepted the door would be opening to the ordination of women priests.

    Good for you, Frank, Good for you, pl


    I had not appreciated that Pat and Frank were on such intimate fraternal terms… 🙂

  21. ulvfugl says:

    Edward Said’s most famous and rather complex work ,“Orientalism”, published in 1978, explores the relationship between power, knowledge and colonialism. Some of his words echo in my mind when it comes to this subject of a people needing to preserve the integrity of and control over their struggle. It is claimed that Said was influenced by the Italian Marxist Gramsci’s notion of ‘hegemony’ in terms of understanding the influence of orientalist constructs and entrenchment in Western academia and even their reach of power over the Orient itself. In this context, Gramsci’s views on ‘hegemony’ refer to the victory of the dominant class’s promotion of their definition of reality and world view.

    We are here talking about people in the West and in the case of this article, specifically of a section of Western activists. Hence, the various frameworks they present are seen in their paradigm as the norm, as logical, the given and the only set of frameworks to view the world through. Those who do not toe the line, and in this subject being discussed here, these are the actual “orientals” themselves; they are utterly marginalized even though is it their struggle, their story, their history and their culture. They can lose their voice because of the exceptionalists’ need to play the role for them and be their voice. These “orientalists” have a tremendous need to retell another culture’s experience. And, how dare in the case of Syria, for example, that there can exist eloquent, highly educated, brilliant and deeply knowledgeable Syrian analysts and activists who contradict the conclusions derived from the frameworks of the significant and only paradigm on this planet?

    For as long as such a person toes the line, agrees with his Western allies, all goes well and, to a certain degree, there will be some support for this analyst or writer. But, the moment this “oriental” has the audacity to make conclusions or claims that fall well outside of those reached by the Western academics or analysts who use their Western paradigm frameworks, then it is time to silence, shut out and shut down this audacious “oriental” before their own inadequacies and failings are exposed.

    All views, theories and assessments must fit neatly into these Western hemisphere frameworks, if not, then they must be ridiculed and shut down.


  22. ulvfugl says:

    We should be very clear. There is no way to save the beautiful and majestic coral reefs of our world without a rapid cessation of fossil fuel burning. And, if we continue burning fossil fuels, we will not only lose the reefs and corals — we will also turn the world’s oceans into a mass extinction engine.


    Robert Scribbler writes well, he can lay out an nice clear analysis, and he’s good at keeping up with the climate science and so forth, but Great Heavens, is he clueless and naive…. about Christianity and the Bible ? What a lot of bollocks he says there, and a few days back he was putting his faith in a vote for Hillary Clinton, I mean, how dumb do you have to be to think that she will do anything ?

    She’s a criminal, a war criminal, she works for cash for the neocons, the neoliberal agenda is what’s been driving environmental devastation and corporate pillaging of the planet for the last few decades. Where has Scribbler been ? He’s so utterly ignorant it’s shocking. Not that Trump or Sanders are environmentalists, but that’s not really the point. Any US President is not going to ‘save’ the oceans or the climate, it’s childish wishing to believe that they could. I suppose he is just incapable of any sort of broader analysis. He sits in his box and repeats the same loop over and over.

    This is one reason why we are doomed and become extinct. There are no leaders. You’d need someone to mobilize a couple of billion people, all following the same political agenda. Nobody is capable or interested. To stop the root of the problem, industrial civilisation, which destroys and pollutes the biosphere, is not something that gathers any support, when people understand what is involved, that they can’t have what they think they are entitled to have. They simply do not believe what they are told. They refuse to accept the arguments.

    People like Scribbler, McPherson, and all the other doomers can rent their garments and claim the end time is nigh, but that does not fix anything. They are useless as leaders. McPherson despises the masses, he sees himself as a lone heroic martyr figure, akin to Che Guevara and Ed Abbey. What you need to move the culture is Ghandi or a MLK, with millions and millions of followers who insist on change. The Greens never managed that. The environmentalist movement failed. We got collaborators like McKibben, who betrayed the principles by defusing the anger, diverting it into utterly fruitless and pointless PR campaigns.

    The Zionist Neocons won, and got their financial globalisation run by the bankers. They have control of the money, the media, the weapons, and much else. That will likely crash and burn, eventually, but does not help the coral or the burning forests, just means we have more intense desperation and savage competition, fighting over what’s left.

  23. ulvfugl says:

    For Quinto, ayahuasca finally did the trick. To date, he’s attended at least 20 traditional, guided ayahuasca ceremonies in Peru. The psychedelic brew has not only given him a steadying sense of purpose and self-understanding, he said, it’s also created a way for him to cope with the death, last year, of his good friend Leonard Nimoy (the original Spock).

    The recent popularity of ayahuasca—due to increased tourism to the Amazon—has lead researchers to study “the brew’s potential therapeutic or salutogenic value,” say Gerald Thomas, a scientist at the Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, at the University of Victoria, Canada, and colleagues. Though ayahuasca, as Quinto pointed out, is a restricted substance in the United States, Native American communities in Canada have religious allowances. So Thomas and several of his colleagues visited a First Nations community in rural British Columbia and conducted an in-depth study, in 2013, of ayahuasca’s effects on wellbeing. The researchers observed 12 people who went through a rigorous four-day schedule of group counseling and two traditional ayahuasca ceremonies, led by a Shipibo master ayahuasquero, trained to administer the brew in an Amazonian folk healing ritual context.

    What they found wouldn’t have surprised Quinto: Six months after the experience, the participants reported higher levels of hopefulness, feelings of empowerment, mindfulness, and overall quality of life compared to before, and during, the ayahuasca retreat. Use of addictive substances among the participants, like alcohol, tobacco, and cocaine, declined as well (though marijuana and opiate use, the authors note, did not). Their findings corroborated what previous studies have shown: Ceremonial ayahuasca drinking has positive effects. “Given the potential to decrease the personal suffering and social costs associated with addiction,” write Thomas and colleagues, “further research on ayahuasca-assisted addictions treatment is warranted.”

    Berlin agrees. The one theme that resurfaces again and again in psychedelic studies, she tells me, is the fact that psychedelic drugs—and out-of-body experiences induced by drugs—offer some form of reflection and insight, not unlike those attained in deep states of meditation. That’s definitely worth investigating, she says. “It’s neuroscience meets psychoanalysis.” The future of psychedelic drugs in alleviating anxiety and PTSD is bright. Berlin highlights the use of MDMA, or ecstasy, in controlled therapy sessions to allow patients to access suppressed emotions and memories and the use of mushrooms to ease the anxieties of terminally ill cancer patients. She says it allows them to enter the last stage of their life a bit more comfortably.


  24. ulvfugl says:

    Consider, for example, the eye-witness reports a few hundred years ago of an obviously ridiculous ‘phenomenon’: that rocks fell from the sky. For a very long time these reports of meteorite falls were dismissed as fanciful, or at the very best a confused sighting of some other phenomenon. It wasn’t until a confluence of factors around 1800 – ranging from influential publications to bizarre meteor showers – that opinion began to shift towards the belief that rocks did indeed fall from the sky.

    One of those incidents was the ‘Wold Newton Meteorite’ fall in England in 1795, near the home of magistrate Major Edward Topham. Topham was acutely aware of the controversial nature of such incidents at that time, and thus “as a magistrate, I took [the witnesses] accounts upon oath”.

    Topham had some choice words for those who chose to dismiss these reports. “I mean not to enter into any literary warfare with those sceptics, who think it much easier to doubt every word of this account than to believe such an event could take place,” he remarked. “There is no shorter way of disposing of any thing than to deny or disbelieve it”.

    Once the reality of meteorite falls became established, the historian Eusebius Salverte pointed out that scientists’ failure to recognise the truth of the matter for so long was borne out of “a predetermination to see nothing, or to deny what we had seen.”


Comments are closed.